Not only cigarettes – other culprits of lung cancer
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Chair and Department of Pneumonology, Oncology and Allergology, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
Chair of Internal Medicine and Department of Internal Medicine in Nursing, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
Corresponding author
Anna Grzywa-Celińska   

Chair and Department of Pneumonology, Oncology and Allergology, Medical University , Lublin.
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2019;26(4):661-664
Introduction. Before cigarettes became popular, lung cancer was an extremely rare disease, but currently it is the most common cause worldwide of cancer death in both genders. Therefore, it constitutes a huge epidemiological, diagnostic and socio-economic challenge around the world. In Poland, lung cancer is the second most common carcinoma in both men and women, and it is also the most prevailing cause of carcinous death. Undoubtedly, although smoking classical cigarettes is the strongest risk factor of developing the cancer, unfortunately it is not the only one. Objective. The aim of this study was to present smoking-related factors, e.g. cigars, pipes, e-cigarettes or marijuana smoking, etiologically related to lung cancer incidence.
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