RESEARCH PAPER
Tourist activity of young people as a factor contributing to their health and proper development
 
More details
Hide details
1
Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland
2
Maria Skłodowska-Curie Warsaw Higher School, Warsaw, Poland
3
Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
 
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2013;20(3):549–554
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Introduction and Objective:
The aim of this paper is to assess the level of tourist activity of pupils and students from schools in Warsaw, as well as factors influencing this level of activity.

Material and Methods:
A two-part questionnaire was used that included questions related to participation in tourist trips (day, long, short, and trips abroad) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ).

Results:
Among the analyzed factors (gender, level of school, level of physical activity), only the level of school turned out to be the factor which significantly (p=0.000) influenced the physical activity of the respondents. It was observed that tourist activity among pupils and students decreased with age.

Conclusions:
There is an urgent need for a systematic approach towards promoting and supporting the participation of children and young people in tourism. as well as setting examples of how to travel and rest. Carrying out intervention programmes demands the further identification of factors determining them (e.g. influence of parents’ leisure time behaviour), as well as the application of standardized research tools.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Elżbieta Biernat   
Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland
 
REFERENCES (38):
1. Forbes SH, Martin RA, What Holistic Education Claims About Itself: An Analysis of Holistic Schools’ Literature, Paper presented to the Wholistic Education SIG at the American Education Research Association. Annual Conference; California, San Diego, 2004.
2. Healthy and active school communities. A resource kit for schools promoting good practice in healthy eating and physical activity for children and youth; Australian Government, Department of Health and Aging, 2004.
3. Brettschneider W-D, Naul R. Study on young people’s lifestyles and sedentariness and the role of sport in the context of education and as a means of restoring the balance. Final report; Paderborn, 2004.
4. Shakiri A-S. Role of Education in Creating Culture of Tourism Revisited. International Conference on Tourism of Islamic Countries; 5 March 2007, Tehran, 2007.
5. EU Physical Activity Guidelines Recommended Policy Actions in Support of Health-Enhancing Physical Activity. Brussels, 10 October 2008.
6. Moisă C. The global importance of the youth travel. The University „1 Decembrie 1918” of Alba Iulia, Romania, Alba Iulia, 2007. http://steconomice.uoradea.ro/... (accessed: 07.11.2011).
7. Alegre J, Pou L. Micro-economic determinants of the probability of tourism consumption. Tourism Econ. 2004; 10(2): 125–144.
8. Goel V, Jaiswal B. Impact of Socio-Demographic Factors and Marketing Strategies on Tourism. Industry in India. Conference on Tourism in India – Challenges Ahead; 15–17 May 2008, Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode, 2008. http://dspace.iimk.ac.in/bitst... (accessed: 07.11.2011).
9. Clift S, Page SJ. (Eds.) Health and the international tourist. Routledge, London, 1996.
10. Clift S, Grabowski P. (Eds.) Tourism and health; risks, research and responses. London: Pinter, 1997.
11. DuPont HL, Steffen R. Textbook of travel medicine and health; 2nd ed. Hamilton: BC Decker, 2001.
12. IPAQ. www.ipaq.ki.se (accessed: 07.11.2011).
13. Eurostat, Community methodology on tourism statistic. European Communities; 1998. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.... (accessed: 07.11.2011).
14. Biernat E, Stupnicki R, Lebiedziński B, Janczewska L. Assessment of physical activity by IPAQ questionnaire. Physical Education Sport 2008; 52(2): 83–89.
15. Ministry of Sports and Tourism. http://msport.gov.pl/en (accessed: 07.11.2011).
16. Chavez DJ. Travel and tourism trends. Supervisory Social Scientist USDA Forest Service; Pacific Southwest Research Station, Riverside, CA, 2008. http://www.nrs.fs.fed.us/pubs/... (accessed: 07.11.2011).
17. Kattiyapornpong U, Miller KE: A practitioner’s report on the interactive effects of socio-demographic barrier´s to travel. JVM 2008; 14(4): 357.
18. Young People’s Lifestyles and Sedentariness. http://www.wgi.de/media/Pdf/li... (accessed: 07.11.2011).
19. National Health Programme for 2007–2015, Poland. https://docs.google.com/viewer... (accessed: 07.11.2011).
20. Department of Health, Health Survey for England 2002: The Health of Children and Young People. London, Stationery Office, 2003.
21. Sallis JF, McKenzie TL, Alcaraz JE, Kolody B, Faucette N, Hovell ME. The effects of a 2-year physical education program (SPARK) on physical activity and fitness in elementary school students. Sports, Play and Active Recreation for Kids. Am J Public Health. 1997; 87(8): 1328–1334.
22. Youth Outbound Travel of the Germans, the British and the French. Madrid, WTO, 2002.
23. Nettlefold L, McKay HA, Warburton DER, McGuire KA, Bredin SSD, Naylor PJ. The challenge of low physical activity during the school day: at recess, lunch and in physical education. Br J Sports Med. 2010. http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/ea... (accessed: 07.11.2011).
24. Sallis JF, McKenzie TL. Physical education’s role in public health. Res Q Exerc Sport. 1991; 62: 124–137.
25. Polish Institute of Tourism. http://www.intur.com.pl/itengl... (accessed: 07.11.2011).
26. Vaishali G, Bhavna J. Impact of Socio-Demographic Factors and Marketing Strategies on Tourism Industry in India. Conference on Tourism in India – Challenges Ahead; 15–17 May 2008, Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode, 2008.
27. Wang CKJ, Chia MYH, Quek JJ, Liu WC. Patterns of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviors, and Psychological Determinants of Physical Activity Among Singaporean School Children. IJSEP 2006; 4: 227–249.
28. Richards G, Wilson J. New Horizons in Independent Youth and Student Travel. Summary Report. A Report for the International Student Travel Confederation (ISTC) and the Association of Tourism and Leisure Education (ATLAS); International Student Travel Confederation, Amsterdam, 2003.
29. Moisa CO. The distinctiveness of the youth travel product. Annales Universitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica 2010; 12(2).
30. Carr N. Gendered leisure spaces: A case study of the young tourist. University of Hertfordshire. Tourism Management Working Paper 1998; 4.
31. WTO Reports. Youth outbound travel from three major European generating markets, 24 February 2003.
32. Bywater M. The Youth and Student Travel Market. EIU Travel and Tourism Analyst 1993; 3: 35–5.
33. Allender S, Cowburn G, Foster C. Understanding participation in sport and physical activity among children and adults: a review of qualitative studies. Health Educ Res. 2006; 21(6): 826–835.
34. Carr N. Use and Trust of Tourism Information Sources Amongst University Students. In: Ritchie BW. Managing Educational Tourism. Clevedon, Channel View Publications, 2003.
35. Carr N. University Students’ Tourism. In: Ritchie BW. Managing Educational Tourism. Clevedon, Channel View Publications, 2003.
36. Boyle P. Improving Health in Central and Eastern Europe. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2011; 18(2): 281–282.
37. Carr N. Going with the Flow: An assessment of the relationship between young people’s leisure and holiday behavior. Tourism Geographies 2002; 4(2): 115–134.
38. Biernat E, Poznańska A, Gajewski AK. Is physical activity of medical personnel a role model for their patients? Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012; 19(4): 707–710.
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966