Introduction and objective:
As globalization and modernization continue to impact people’s lives, a significant shift in lifestyle has taken place, resulting in a worldwide decrease in physical activity and an increase in unhealthy eating patterns. Physical inactivity has become the fourth leading cause of death globally. The aim of this scoping review is to analyze the concept and development of integrating physical activity into healthcare (IPAHc), based on the principles of sports and exercise medicine (SEM) and exercise is medicine (EIM).

Review methods:
A systematic search was conducted of relevant published studies with full text using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Academic Search Ultimate, Medline, and SPORTDiscus, via the EBSCO search platform.

Brief description of the state of knowledge:
Twenty-nine studies met the inclusion criteria. The integration pathway centres around physical activity consultation and/or referral, and information technology which has been extensively utilized in IPAHc, including websites, electronic medical records, social media, wearable devices, mobile software, and referral tools. SEM and EIM face numerous implementation challenges, such as time constraints, education/training, resources, and tools.

The concept of IPAHc involves the integration of Physical Activity Vital Signs (PAVS) into electronic medical records to evaluate the physical activity levels of the general population. This can assist individuals in achieving fitness goals, preventing diseases, treating existing illnesses, and undergoing rehabilitation. IPAHc has been in development for many years and is now being explored in practice. Despite the widespread use of information technology in this integration process, a number of challenges still need addressing.

We would like to thank all authors of the studies included in this scoping review. This work was supported by the Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education Science Research Fund Project, grant number 2022J1286.
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