RESEARCH PAPER
Level and determinants of physical activity among school adolescents in Poland
 
More details
Hide details
1
Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education, Biała Podlaska, Poland
2
Institute of Rural Health in Lublin, Poland
 
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2014;21(1):75–78
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The recognition of adolescents’ physical activity has become one of the serious challenges of the modern times, as a concern about the future health of societies. The major goal of the presented study was to discover the level of physical activity among Polish adolescents aged 16–18, and the factors which condition this level. The investigations were carried out in 2011, among 2,974 school adolescents from various locations in Poland – 1,790 girls (60.2%), and 1,184 boys (39.8%). As a study method, a short version of the IPAQ was applied. The results of the study indicated that a larger number of girls than boys show a low level of physical activity. With respect to activity among boys, higher values of intensive and moderate efforts are noted, while in girls, higher values of activities related to walking. It was confirmed that the level of physical activity does not depend on the place of residence. However, the number of physical exercise classes attended is a significant factor, both among boys and girls. It was also found that adolescents who more frequently lead a sedentary style of life are characterized by a lower level of total physical activity. Sedentary lifestyle (time spent sitting) does not differ among the level of physical activity of girls and of boys, neither with respect to the scope of the total physical activity nor to its three levels (low, moderate, high).
 
REFERENCES (25)
1.
Blair S, Cheng Y, Holder J. Is physical activity or physical fitness more important in defining health benefits? Med Sci Sport Exerc. 2001; 33: 379–399.
 
2.
Ritten A, Abu-Omar K. Prevalence of physical activity in the European Union. Sozial und Praventivmedizin 2004; 49(4): 231–232.
 
3.
Monda KL, Adair LS, Zhai F, Popkin BM. Longitudinal relationships between occupation and domestic physical activity patterns and body weight in China. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008; 62(11): 1318–1325.
 
4.
Janssen I, Leblanc AG. Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2010; 7: 40–56.
 
5.
Booth M. Assessment of Physical Activity: An International Perspective. Res. Quart Exerc. 2000; 71.
 
6.
Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjostrom M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth, Pratt M, Ekelund U, Yngve A, Sallis JF, Oja P. International Physical Questionnaire: 12 – country reliability and validity. Med. Sci Sport Exerc. 2003; 35.
 
7.
Bergier J, Kapka-Skrzypczak L, Biliński P, Paprzycki P, Wojtyła A. Physical activity of Polish adolescents and young adults according to IPAQ: a population based study. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012; 19(1): 109–115.
 
8.
Biernat E. Aktywność fizyczna mieszkańców Warszawy. Na przykładzie wybranych grup zawodowych. Oficyna Wydawnicza, Szkola Główna Handlowa, Warszawa 2011.
 
9.
Rothenbacher D, Hoffmeister A, Brenner H, Koenig W. Physical activity, coronary hart disease and inflammatory response. Archives of Internal Medicine 2003;163: 1200–1205.
 
10.
Silva RB, Costa-Paiva L, Pinto Neto AM, de Braga A, Morais SS. HabituaL physical activity and cardiovascular risk in post menopause. Revista da Associacao Mćdica Brasileira 2006; 52(4):242–246.
 
11.
Janssen L. Physical Activity, Fitness, and Cardiac, Vascular, and Pulmonary Morbidities. In: Bouchard C, Blair SN, Haskell W L. Physical Activity and Health, Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL 2007.
 
12.
Silventoinen K, Sans S, Tolonen H, Monterde D, Kuulasmaa K, Kesteloot H, Tuomilehto J. WHO MONICA Project. Trends in obesity and energy supply in the WHO MONICA Project. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2004; 28: 710–718.
 
13.
Jakicic JM, Otto AD. Physical activity considerations for the treatment and prevention of obesity. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2005; 82: 226S-229.
 
14.
Johnson-Kozlow M, Sallis JF, Gilpin EA, Rock CL, Pierce JP. Comparative validation of theIPAQ and the 7-Day PAR among women diagnosed with breast cancer. Int Behav Nutr Phys. 2006; 3: 7.
 
15.
Sjostrom M, Oja P, Hangstromer M. Health – enhancing physical activity across European Union countries: the Eurobarometer study. Journal of Public Health 2006; 14: 291–300.
 
16.
Al-Hazzaa HM. Health-enhancing physical activity among Saudi adults using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Public Health Nutr. 2007; 10: 59–64.
 
17.
Santos R, Silva P, Santos P, Ribeiro JC, Mota J. Physical activity and perceived environmental attributes in a sample of Portuguese adults: results from the Azores Physical Activity and Health study. Prev Med. 2008; 47: 83–88.
 
18.
Mendonca BC, Oliveira AC, Toscano JJO, Knuth AG, Borgess TT, et. al. Exposure to a community-wide physical activity promotion program and leisure-time physical activity in Aracaju, Brazil. J Phys Act Health. 2010;7: 223–228.
 
19.
Qahoush R, Stotts N, Alawneh MS, Froelicher ES. Physical activity in Arab women in Southern California. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2010; 9: 263–271.
 
20.
Amorim TC, Azevedo MR, Hallal PC. Physical activity levels according to physical and social environmental factors in a sample of adults living in South Brazil. J Phys Act Health. 2010; 7: 204–212.
 
21.
Bassett DR, Tremblay MS, Esliger DW, Copeland JL, Barnes JD, Huntington GE. Physical activity and body mass index of children in an order Amish community. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007; 39: 410–415.
 
22.
Huang SJ, Hung WC, Sharpe PA, Wai JP. Neighbourhood environmental and physical activity among urban and rural schoolchildren in Taiwan. Fealth Place 2010;16: 470–476.
 
23.
Bergier J. The level of physical activity in society today – the problem of modern civilisation (research overview). Human and Health. 2012; 6 (1): 13–22.
 
24.
Bergier B, Bergier J, Wojtyła A. Various aspects of physical activity among Lithuanian adolescents Am. Agric Environ Med. 2012; 19(4): 775–779.
 
25.
Bergier J. About physical activity with the application of the polish version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) — participation in discussion. Human and Health. 2013; 7 (1): 95–98.
 
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966