Proposal for a biological environmental monitoring approach to be used in libraries and archives
More details
Hide details
Department of Public Health, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
Laboratory of Aerobiology and Environmental Quality Control, Department of Clinical Medicine, Nephrology and Health Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
National Institute of Graphic Arts, Ministry of Heritage and Culture, Rome, Italy
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012;19(2):209-212
In cultural-heritage-related indoor environments, biological particles represent a hazard not only for cultural property, but also for operators and visitors. Reliable environmental monitoring methods are essential for examining each situation and assessing the effectiveness of preventive measures. We propose an integrated approach to the study of biological pollution in indoor environments such as libraries and archives. This approach includes microbial air and surface sampling, as well as an investigation of allergens and pollens. Part of this monitoring plan has been applied at the Palatina Library in Parma, Italy. However, wider collections of data are needed to fully understand the phenomena related with biological contamination, define reliable contamination threshold values, and implement appropriate preventive measures.
The authors wish to thank Dr. A. de Pasquale, Director of the Palatina Library in Parma, for providing access to the Library’s historical collections.
Arai H. Foxing caused by fungi: twenty-five years of study. Int Biodeter & Biodegr. 2000; 46: 181-188.
Florian ML. Heritage eaters: Insects and fungi in heritage collections. James & James, London 1997.
Mandrioli P, Caneva G, Sabbioni C. Cultural Heritage and Aerobiology. Methods and Measurement Techniques for Biodeterioration Monitoring. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 2003.
Apetrei IC, Drăgănescu GE, Popescu IT, Carp-Cărare C, Guguianu E, Mihăescu T, Ştefanache A, Creţu C, Patraş X. Possible cause of allergy for the librarians: books manipulation and ventilation as sources of fungus spores spreading. Aerobiologia 2009; 25: 159-166.
Cooley JD, Wong WC, Jumper CA, Straus DC. Correlation between the prevalence of certain fungi and sick building syndrome. Occup Environ Med. 1998; 55: 579-584.
Tarsitani G, Fusillo C, Micali O, Moroni C, Montacutelli R. Book’s microbiological contamination and reading risk. Ann Ig 1996; 8: 65-70.
Zielińska-Jankiewicz K, Kozajda A, Piotrowska M, Szadkowska-Stańczyk I. Microbiological contamination with moulds in work environment in libraries and archive storage facilities. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2008; 15: 71-78.
Borrego S, Guiamet P, Gomez de Saravia S, Batistini P, Garcia M, Lavin P, Perdomo I. The quality of air at archives and the biodeterioration of photographs. Int Biodeter & Biodegr 2010; 64: 139-145.
Gallo F. Aerobiological research and problems in libraries. Aerobiologia 1993; 9: 117-130.
Maggi O, Persiani, AM, Gallo F, Valenti P, Pasquariello G, Sclocchi MC, Scorrano M. Airborne fungal spores in dust present in archives: proposal for a detection method, new for archival materials. Aerobiologia 2000; 16: 429-434.
Montacutelli R, Fiorilla M, Fabiani M, Floccia F, Tarsitani G. Problems in removing dust from an ancient books library. Microbiological study: the experience of Lancisiana Library. Ann Ig 2000; 12: 51-59.
Pasquariello, G, Moroni C, Architrave R, Tarsitani G. Esperienze di indagini aerobiologiche per la valutazione del rischio microbiologico nelle operazioni di conservazione e restauro dei beni culturali. Eur J Aerobiol Environ Med. V 2009; 1: 29-31.
Albertini R, Sansebastiano GE, Mariotti F, Ugolotti M, Saccani E, Boccuni C, Dall’Aglio P, Signorelli C, Vitali P, Caliumi F, Zanardi A, Pasquarella C. Air microbiological monitoring in a centralized pharmacy compounding unit for cytotoxic drugs. In: MicrobAERO Colloque National “Microbiologie des Aerosols”, P1. Narbonne 2009.
Castiglia P, Liguori G, Montagna MT, Napoli C, Pasquarella C, Bergomi M, Fabiani L, Monarca S, Petti S. Italian multicenter study on infection hazards during dental practice: control of environmental microbial contamination in public dental surgeries. BMC Public Health 2008; 8: 187-193.
Guarnieri V, Gaia E, Battocchio L, Pitzurra M, Savino A, Pasquarella C, Vago T, Cotronei V. New methods for microbial contamination monitoring: an experiment on board the MIR orbital station. Acta Astronautica 1997; 40: 195-201.
Pasquarella C, Vitali P, Saccani E, Manotti P, Boccuni C, Ugolotti M, Signorelli C, Mariotti F, Sansebastiano GE, Albertini R. Microbial air monitoring in operating theatres: experience at the University Hospital of Parma. J Hosp Infect 2012;81:50-57.
Pitzurra O, Hennlich W, Pasquarella C, Gantenbein-Demarchi C, Ortaggi G, Pitzurra L, Ruddy T, Savino A. The EUREKA Project MEMFOODIN. Microbial Environmental Monitoring in the Food Industry. GIT Laboratory Journal Europe 2007; 11: 40-45.
Pasquarella C, Sansebastiano GE, Saccani E, Ugolotti M, Mariotti F, Boccuni C, Signorelli C, Fornari Schianchi L, Alessandrini C, Albertini R. Proposal for an integrated approach to microbial environmental monitoring in cultural heritage: experience at the Correggio exhibition in Parma. Aerobiologia 2011; 27: 203-211.
ISO 14698-1: Cleanrooms and associated controlled environments - Biocontamination control. Part 1. General principles and methods 2003.
Pasquarella C, Pitzurra O, Savino A. The index of microbial air contamination. J Hosp Infect 2000; 46: 241-256.
ISO 14644-1: Cleanrooms and associated controlled environments. Part 1. Classification of air cleanliness 1999.
INAIL. Linee guida allergeni indoor nella polvere degli uffici, campionamento ed analisi. Revisione 21 maggio 2003.
Pitzurra M, Savino A, Pasquarella C, Poletti L. A new method to study the microbial contamination on surfaces. Hyg Med. 1997; 22: 77-92.
Poletti L, Pasquarella C, Pitzurra M, Savino A. Comparative efficiency of nitrocellulose membranes versus RODAC plates in in microbial sampling on surfaces. J Hosp Infect. 1999; 41: 195-202.
Pasquarella C, Albertini R, Dall’Aglio P, Saccani E, Sansebastiano GE, Signorelli C. Air microbial sampling: the state of the art. Ig San Pub. 2008; 64: 79-120.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top