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RESEARCH PAPER
 
CC BY-NC-ND 3.0
 
 

Psychosocial aspect of quality of life among working and unemployed nurses and midwives

Marta Czekirda 1  ,  
 
1
Department of Basic Nursing and Medical Teaching, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lublin, Poland
2
Center of Oncology of Lublin Region, Lublin, Poland
3
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Economics and Innovation, Lublin, Poland
4
Department of Biostatistics, Demography and Epidemiology, Institute of Rural Health in Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med 2017;24(3):472–476
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Objective:
The objective of the study was to explain differences in the subjective evaluation of the psychological and social aspects of quality of life in a group of working and unemployed nurses and midwives.

Material and Methods:
The survey was conducted in a group of 620 professionally-active and inactive people (315 nurses and 305 midwives), selected by random stratified-systematic sampling. The tool used to gather empirical material was the standardized questionnaire WHOQoL-100.

Results:
Professionally-active nurses evaluated the mental domain less favourably (M=12.33), compared with unemployed nurses (M=12.73), and the difference between average values was statistically significant (p=.043). It is also worth noting that in the group of midwives there were significant differences in each discussed domain. The unemployed respondents evaluated more positively the overall quality of life (M=14.29; p=.005) and the mental domain (M=12.85; p=.009), while the social domain was evaluated less favourably by the professionally-active midwives (M=12.73; p=.022).

Conclusions:
Paradoxically, those who were unemployed made slightly more positive evaluations in comparison with the professionally active. Professional work is not a factor preferably affecting the quality of life and its psychosocial dimension. The higher quality of life of the unemployed respondents may result from the buffering impact of social support.



CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Marta Czekirda   
Department of Basic Nursing and Medical Teaching, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lublin, Poland
 
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