Prevalence of rotavirus, adenovirus, hepatitis A virus and enterovirus in water samples collected from different region of Peshawar, Pakistan

Tahir Ahmad 1, 2,  
Najma Arshad 1,  
Fazal Adnan 2,  
Usman Zahoor 3,  
Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan
Comsat Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan
Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, University of Management and Technology (UMT), Lahore, Pakistan
University of Hail, Saudi Arabia
Ann Agric Environ Med 2016;23(4):576–580
Viral gastroenteritis and other water-borne diseases are the most neglected areas of research in Pakistan. To determine the quality of water, 4 enteric viruses were studied from different localities of Peshawar, Pakistan. The study validates the viral detection method for Rotavirus (RV), Human adenovirus (HAdV), Enterovirus (EV) and Hepatitis A virus (HAV), directly from water sources of rural areas of Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan. Overall, 95 five water samples were tested; among them, 9.47% were positive for RV, 38.94% for HAdV, 48.42% for EV and 12.63% for HAV. The presence of these viruses in water was directly correlated with meteorological data. High prevalence of EV and HAdV was detected frequently in the wet season from May – September, which can be the potential cause of spreading of gastroenteritis in the population. Environmental surveillance is an additional tool to evaluate the epidemiology of enteric viruses circulating in a given community.
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