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RESEARCH PAPER
 
CC BY-NC-ND 3.0
 
 

Prevalence of rotavirus, adenovirus, hepatitis A virus and enterovirus in water samples collected from different region of Peshawar, Pakistan

Tahir Ahmad 1, 2,  
Najma Arshad 1,  
Fazal Adnan 2,  
Usman Zahoor 3,  
 
1
Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
2
National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan
3
Comsat Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan
4
Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, University of Management and Technology (UMT), Lahore, Pakistan
5
University of Hail, Saudi Arabia
Ann Agric Environ Med 2016;23(4):576–580
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Viral gastroenteritis and other water-borne diseases are the most neglected areas of research in Pakistan. To determine the quality of water, 4 enteric viruses were studied from different localities of Peshawar, Pakistan. The study validates the viral detection method for Rotavirus (RV), Human adenovirus (HAdV), Enterovirus (EV) and Hepatitis A virus (HAV), directly from water sources of rural areas of Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan. Overall, 95 five water samples were tested; among them, 9.47% were positive for RV, 38.94% for HAdV, 48.42% for EV and 12.63% for HAV. The presence of these viruses in water was directly correlated with meteorological data. High prevalence of EV and HAdV was detected frequently in the wet season from May – September, which can be the potential cause of spreading of gastroenteritis in the population. Environmental surveillance is an additional tool to evaluate the epidemiology of enteric viruses circulating in a given community.
 
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