Level of vitamin 25 (OH) D and B group vitamins and functional efficiency among the chronically ill elderly in domiciliary care – a pilot study
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Department of Family Medicine and Community Nursing, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
Department of Family Medicine, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
Katarzyna Halina Kocka   

Department of Family Medicine and Community Nursing, Medical University of Lublin
Introduction and objective:
Deficits of vitamin resources constitute a significant public health problem, especially among the elderly population. The aim of the research was to determine the level of vitamin 25 (OH) D and vitamins from group B in the chronically ill elderly in domiciliary care, depending on functional capacity and coexisting diseases.

Material and methods:
The pilot study included 137 patients staying in long-term domiciliary care. Samples of the participants’ venous blood was obtained for laboratory tests. Centrifuged serum was used to determine the level of the following biochemical parameters: vitamin 25 (OH)D, B12, folic acid and total protein, albumin, triglycerides, total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol. Assessment of the functional status of patients was made by using the Barthel scale.

More than ¾ of the patients with functional deficit (according to Barthel’s score 0–85 points) were deficient in vitamin 25 (OH)D, while folic acid values were below the reference values in more than half of the patients. Respondents with lower functional efficiency were characterised by a reduced average value of vitamin 25 (OH)D and folic acid.

The studied group of the chronically ill elderly was characterised by a deficiency of vitamin D3 and folic acid. Subjects with a functional impairment deficit show a reduced mean value of vitamin 25 (OH)D and folic acid in the blood serum, compared to the group of patients with higher mobility.

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