RESEARCH PAPER
Factors determining physical activity of Ukrainian students
 
More details
Hide details
1
Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education in Biała Podlaska, Biała Podlaska, Poland
2
Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University, Ukraine
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Barbara Bergier   

Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education in Biała Podlaska, Biała Podlaska, Poland
 
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2014;21(3):613–616
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Objective:
Scientific reports provide information concerning an insufficient level of physical activity of societies. The objective of the study is recognition of the level of physical activity among Ukrainian students, and factors which condition this activity: gender, place of residence, self-reported physical fitness, and the BMI.

Material and Methods:
The study was conducted in 2013 among 2,125 Ukrainian students using a long version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), supplemented with data concerning the respondents’ physical development.

Results:
The results of the study showed that the mean total physical activity of students was 3.560 MET, and its highest percentage pertained to the area of activity in sports – 1.124 MET. Significantly higher statistically physical activity was observed among males than females. In males, the highest activity was related to participation in sports classes, while in females – engagement in household chores. It was found that males, compared to females, were significantly more physically active in such areas as occupational activity (education) and sports activity, whereas females showed higher activity performing household chores. According to the place of residence, inhabitants of medium-size towns and rural areas obtained the most favourable results in activity, while the inhabitants of large cities the poorest. Self-reported physical fitness was significantly correlated with the results in physical activity obtained by the students. No relationship was found between the BMI and the level of student’s physical activity.

Conclusions:
Considering the very large population of respondents, the results obtained may be considered as an up-to-date pattern of physical activity among Ukrainian students.

 
REFERENCES (26)
1.
Lee IM, Paffenbarger RS. Associations of light, moderate and vigorous intensity physical activity. The Harvard Alumni Health Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2000; 151: 293–299.
 
2.
Blair SN, Brodney S. Effects of physical inactivity and obesity on morbidity and mortality: current evidence and research issues. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999; 31: 646–662.
 
3.
Andersen LB, Harro M, Sardinha LB. Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular risk in children: a cross-sectional study (The European Youth Heart Study). Lancet 2006; 368(9532): 299–304.
 
4.
Schnohr P, Kristensen TS, Prescott E, Scharling H. Stress and life dissatisfaction are inversely associated with jogging and other types of physical activity-The Copenhagen City Heart Study. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2005; 15(2): 107–112.
 
5.
Blair S, Cheng Y, Holder J. Is physical activity Or physical fitness more import ant in defining health benefits? Med Sci Sport Exerc. 2001; 33.
 
6.
Fairclough SJ., Stratton G. Improving health-enhancing physical activity in girl’s physical education. Health Educ Res. 2005; 20(4): 448–57.
 
7.
Mc Kenzie TL, Catellier DJ, Conway T, Lytle LA, Grieser M, Webber LA. et al. Girl’sactivity levels and lesson contexts in medium school PE: TAAG Baseline. Med. Sci Sports Exerc. 2006; 38(7): 1229–1235.
 
8.
Eaton CB, Nafziger AN, Storgatz DS, Pearson TA. Self-reported physical activity in a rural country: A New York County Health Census. Am J Publick Health. 1994; 84: 29–32.
 
9.
Kriska AM, Caspersen CJ. Introduction to a collection of physical questionnaires. Med Sci Sports Exer. 1997; 29: 89–103.
 
10.
Koo MM, Rohan TE. Comparison of four habitual physical questionnaires in girls aged 7–15 yr. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999; 31: 421–427.
 
11.
Gross LD, Sallis JF, Buono JJ, Nelson JA. Reliability of interviewers using the Seven-Day Physical Activity Recall. Res Q Exerc Sport. Vol. 61, Iss. 4, 1990, 321–325.
 
12.
Albanes DJ, Conway PR, Taylor P, Moe PW, Judd J. Validation and comparison of eight physical activity questionnaires. Epidemology 1990; 1: 65–71.
 
13.
Booth M. Assessment of physical activity: an international perspective. Res QExerc Sport. 2000; 71(2 Suppl): 114–120.
 
14.
Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjostrom M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth BE, et. al. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003; 35(8): 1381–1395.
 
15.
Biernat E, Stupnicki R, Gajewski AK. Międzynarodowy Kwestionariusz Aktywności Fizycznej (IPAQ)- wersja polska. Wychow Fiz i Sport. 2007; 51(1): 47–54 (in Polish).
 
16.
Rutten A, Vuillemin A, Ooijendijk WT, Schena F, Sjostrom M, Stahl T, et. al. Physical activity monitoring in Europe. The European Physical Activity Surveillance System (EUPASS) approach and indicator testing. Public Health Nutr. 2003; 6(4): 377–384.
 
17.
Drygas W, Skiba A, Bielecki A, Puska P. Ocena aktywności fizycznej mieszkańców sześciu krajów europejskich. Projekt „ Bridging East- West Health Gap”. Evaluation of physical activity among inhabitants of six European countries. Project: ‘Bridging East and West Health Gap’. Medina Sport. 2001; 5 (Supp.2): 119–128 (in Polish).
 
18.
Piątkowska M. Uczestnictwo Polaków w aktywności fizycznej w porównaniu do innych krajów Unii Europejskiej. In: Buśko K, Charzewska J, Kaczanowski K. Współczesne metody badań aktywności, sprawności i wydolności fizycznej człowieka. Red. AWF, Warszawa 2010 (in Polish).
 
19.
Bergier B, Bergier J, Wojtyła A. Various aspects of physical activity among Lithuanian adolescents. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012; 19(4): 775–779.
 
20.
Bergier J, Bergier B, Tsos A. Physical activity and sedentary lifestyle of female students from Ukraine. Human and Health 2012; 6(2): 131–137.
 
21.
Bergier J, Kapka Skrzypczak L, Biliński P, Paprzycki P, Wojtyła A. Physical activity of Polish adolescents and young adults according to IPAQ: a population based study. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012; 19(1): 109–115.
 
22.
Biernat E. Aktywność fizyczna mieszkańców Warszawy. Na przykładzie wybranych grup zawodowych. Oficyna Wydawnicza SGH, Warszawa 2011 (in Polish).
 
23.
Suğuksu K. Physical activity level between Polish and Turkish university students (IPAQ). In: Bergier B (eds.). Physical activity in health and disease. Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education in Biała Podlaska, Biała Podlaska 2011.p.19–27.
 
24.
Vasickova J, Groffik D, Fromel K, Chmelik F, Wasowicz W. Determining gender differences in adolescent physical activity levels using IPAQ long form and pedometers. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2013; 20(4): 749–755.
 
25.
Garbaciak W, Mynarski W, Czapla K, Rozpara M. Wydolność tlenowa studentów o zróżnicowanej aktywności fizycznej. In: Mynarski W (ed.). Teoretyczne i empiryczne zagadnienia rekreacji i turystyki. AWF Katowice, Katowice 2008 (in Polish).
 
26.
Mynarski W, Rozpara M, Czapla K, Garbaciak W. Aerobic capacity of students with different levels of physical activity as assessed by IPAQ. Journal of Human Kinetics, 2009; 21: 89–96.
 
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966