Introduction and Objective. Because of the armed conflict in Ukraine, companion, farm and captive wild animals have been moved in a simplified procedure across the Polish-Ukrainian border. For that reason, in 2022, Poznań Zoo provided support for almost 200 wild animals before movement to facilities in other countries. The aim of the study is to identify the under-recognized risk of moving animals that may be infected with zoonotic pathogens, such as Mycobacterium caprae, between countries. Materials and Method. Sections of the heart, lungs, and mesentery of 4-year-old lioness from Ukraine were taken for histopathological and bacteriological examination. Results. Microbiological examinations confirmed the presence of Mycobacterium caprae, SB0418 spoligotype. Conclusion. TB is a zoonotic disease present globally. Movement of captive wild animals from regions with MTBC cases, or lack of MTBC surveillance, such as UA may pose a potential threat to public health.
This work would not have been possible without the cooperation Jarosław Przybylski, the veterinarian at Poznań Zoo.
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