RESEARCH PAPER
Environmental variations of nutritional mistakes among Polish school-age adolescents from urban and rural areas
 
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1
Faculty of Physical Culture and Health Promotion, Health Promotion Department, University of Szczecin, Poland
2
State University of Applied Sciences, Kalisz, Poland
3
Department of Physiology, University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland
4
Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, L’viv, Ukraine
5
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Medical University, Łódź, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Katarzyna Maria Sygit   

Faculty of Physical Culture and Health Promotion, Health Promotion Department, University of Szczecin, Poland
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction and objective:
Many studies have indicated numerous nutrition mistakes among school-aged children and adolescents in both urban and rural environments. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional habits of the Polish population, consisting of 7,974 individuals aged 12–17, from rural and urban environments, as well as to identify environmental variations of these habits and to verify the existing information on the incorrect nutrition of school-age children and adolescents.

Material and methods:
The research covered a group of 7,974 respondents – school-age adolescents with a similar age structure (12–17 years). The study on subjects from secondary school grades 1 – 3 was conducted in randomly selected schools from 2 random Polish provinces; 5 counties were randomly selected, followed by a choice of 2 communes: one rural and one urban. The research technique was a self-designed survey questionnaire. The obtained results were subjected to statistical analysis using the Pearson Chi 2 and V Cramer test.

Results:
The research revealed environment-based differences in subjects’ nutrition. Breakfast was consumed daily by a statistically significantly fewer subjects from the rural environment (36.31%) than from the urban areas (51.32%); second breakfast was consumed by an insignificantly smaller proportion of respondents from the urban environment (40.00%) than from the rural one (46.00%); dinner was eaten daily by 86.00% of urban subjects and 82.00% of rural respondents; afternoon tea and supper were eaten rarely by respondents from both environments. The diet of respondents was dominated by anti-health behaviours.

Conclusions:
Most of the respondents displayed incorrect nutritional behaviours. Nutritional mistakes occurred among respondents from both rural and urban environments, with the predominance of the rural areas.

 
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