Conditioning of participation of disabled males and females from eastern regions of Poland in tourism and recreation
More details
Hide details
John Paul II State Higher Vocational School, Biała Podlaska, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2011;18(2):350–354
Disability is a serious social, cultural and economic problem, the solving of which requires both legal regulations and coordinated activities by the State. A constantly increasing number of the disabled is an important premise for undertaking actions aimed at complex rehabilitation of this population group, and their engagement in social and economic life. Creating possibilities for spending free time in an attractive way, in accordance with one’s interests and needs, is an essential area of rehabilitation activities. In 2005, the Institute of Tourism and Recreation at the State Higher Vocational School in Biała Podlaska launched representative, complex studies concerning the social conditioning of involvement of the disabled from the regions of Eastern Poland in tourism and mobile recreation. The presented material is an excerpt from this study report. It concerns barriers which limit or make it impossible for disabled males and females to participate in tourism and mobile recreation in the regions of Lublin, Rzeszów, and Białystok. Among barriers, which to the highest degree limit the participation of the disabled in tourism and recreation, the respondents indicated their poor material standard. Other important barriers were inconveniences associated with transport, lack of up-to-date information, and type of disability. The barriers limiting motor activity were also analyzed according to gender. Statistically significant differences were observed between males and females with respect to the following characteristics: transport, lack of adequate information, lack of offer of activities, and lack of assistance. It is noteworthy that males more strongly than females emphasized such barriers as lack of information, offer of assistance, while females indicated the problems with transport.
Smith WR. Leisure of disabled tourists; barriers to participation. Ann Tour Res 1987;14:376-389.
Murray M, Sproats J. Th e disabled traveler. Tourism and disability in Australia. Th e Journal of Tourism Studies 1990;1:9-14.
Ostrowska A, Sikorska J. Th e syndrome of disability in Poland. IFiS PAN, Warsaw 1996.
Łobożewicz T. Tourism and recreation concerning people with disabilities. Warsaw 2000.
Berman DS, Davis-Berman J. Adventure as psychotherapy: A mental health perspective. J Leisur 1995;22(2):21-28.
Nichols D, Fines L. Self-concept, Attitude and Satisfaction Benefi ts of Outdoor Adventure Activities:Th e Case for Recreational Kayaking. J Leisur 1995;22(2):1-8.
Terry T. Universal adventure programming: Opening our programs to people with physical disabilities. J Leisur 1995;22(2):16-20.
Burnett JJ, Baker-Bender H. Assessing the travel-related behaviors of the mobility-disabled consumer. J Travel Res 2001;40(1):4-11.
Putnam M, Greenan S, Powers L, Saxton H, Finney S, Dautel P. Health and wellness: People with disabilities discuss barriers and facilitators to well-being. J Rehabil 2003;69(1):37-45.
Ray MN, Ryder EM. “Ebilities” tourisme: an exploratory discussion of the travel needs and motivations of the mobility-disabled. Tourism Management 2003;24:57-72.
Kwai-sang Yau M, McKercher B, Packer TL. Travelling with a disabilityMore than an access issue. Ann Tourism Res 2004;31(4):946-960.
Shaw G, Coles T. Disability, holiday making and the tourism industry in the UK: a preliminary survey. Tourism Management 2004;25:397- 404.
Buhalis D, Eichhron V, Michopoulou E, Miller G. Accessibility market and stakeholder analysis, One-Stop-Shop for Accessible Tourism in Europe (OSSATE), University of Surrey, United Kingdom, 2005.
Daniels M, Drogin Rodgers EB, Wiggins B P. “Travel Tales”: an interpretive analysis of constraints and negotiations to pleasure travel as experienced by persons with physical disabilities. Tourism Management 2005;26:919-930.
Rudnick A. Psychiatric leisure rehabilitation: conceptualization and illustration. Psychiatr Rehabil J 2005;29:63-65.
King GA, Law M, King S, Hurley P, Hanna S, Kertoy M, Rosenbaum P. Measuring children`s participation in recreation and leisure activities: construct validation of the CAPE and PAC. Child Care Health Dev 2007;33:28-39.
Lieberman LJ, Arndt K, Daggett S. Promoting leadership in physical education and recreation. JOPERD 2007;78:46-50.
Borowiec A. Życie z niepełnosprawnością. In: Kościelska M, Aounil B. Człowiek niepełnosprawny: sprawność w niepełnosprawności. Bydgoszcz 2003:184-191.
Bergier J, Dabrowski D. Evaluation of Physical Development of Children and Teenagers from Lubelskie Voivodeship with Hearing Damage. Pol J Environ Stud 2006;15:490-493.
Bergier B, Bergier J, Grudniewski T. Free time of the disabled from eastern provinces of Poland. Annales Universitatis Mariae CurieSkłodowska. Section D, Medicina 2007;62:196-200.
Graciani A, Banegas JR, Lopez-Garcia E, Rodriquez-Artalejo F. Prevalence of disability and associated factors and health-related factors among the elderly in Spain: a population-based study. Maturitas 2004;48(4):381-392.
Soong-Nang J, Sung-il C, Kawachi I. Is socioeconomic disparity in disability improving among Korean elders? Soc Sci Med 2010;71(2):282- 287.
Crimmins EM, Saito Y. Trends in healthy life expectancy in the United States, 1970-1990: gender, racial, end educational diff erences. Soc Sci Med 2001;52:1629-1641.
Guralnik JM, Fried LP, Salive ME. Disability as a public health outcome in the aging population. Ann Rev Public Health 1996;17:25-46.
Crimmins EM. Mixed trends in population health among older adults: J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 1996;51:223-225.
Hardy SE, Allore HG, Guo Z, Gill TM. Explaining the eff ect of gender on functional transition in older persons. Gerontology 2008;54:79-86.
Łobożewicz T. Turystyka jako forma rekreacji ludzi niepełnosprawnych, Post Rehab 1991;5(1).
Chen T, Bruinings R, Lakin K, Hayden M. Personal competencies and community participation in small community residential programs: A multiple discriminant analysis. Am J Ment Retar 1993;98:390-399.
Marchewka A. Wybrane komponenty aktywności życiowej a poziom niepełnosprawności umysłowej. Studia i Monografi e nr 34, AWF Kraków, Kraków 2005.
Weisen M. Dostępność miast europejskich, podróży i kultury dla niewidomych i niedowidzących w Europie. [In:] Ślężyński J, Petryński W. (Eds.). Postęp w turystyce na rzecz osób o specjalnych potrzebach (Accessibility of European cities, travels and culture for the blind and partially sighted in Europe, [In:] Progress in tourism on behalf of population with special demands) Polskie Stowarzyszenie Osób Niepełnosprawnych, Zarząd Główny w Krakowie, Kraków 1995.