Studies on vesical schistosomiasis among rural Ezza farmers in the southwestern border of Ebonyi State, Nigeria
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Schistosomiasis Research Programme, Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
Department of Zoology, University of Calabar, Nigeria
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2006;13(1):13-19
Studies on vesical schistosomiasis and its snail vectors were carried out between October 2001–May 2002 among rural Ezza farmers inhabiting the southwestern border of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The people are predominantly farmers. Of the 2,104 urine specimens examined in 10 communities, 466 (22.1%) comprising 305 (23.7%) men and 161 (19.7%) women were infected with visible haematuria as the predominant presenting symptom. Ezza people associate bloody urine with sexually transmitted diseases. There were no significant differences in the prevalence rates amongst various villages and sexes (p>0.05). There was a gradual increase in the disease prevalence as the subjects’ age increases. About 78.3% of the infected persons are aged 0–20 years. Statistical analysis revealed that the prevalence, intensity and visible haematuria were significantly more (p
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