The aim of the study was to explore the influence of exudative age-related macular degeneration on the quality of life of patients from urban and rural areas.

Material and methods:
The retrospective study included 144 Polish Caucasians with exudative age-related macular degeneration, treated with anti-VEGF, recruited from Department of Medical Retina in Lublinbetween March and June 2017. Clinical assessment included age, gender, visual acuity, complete ophthalmic examination, fundus fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography, medical history and the NEI VFQ-25 questionnaire.

The mean age of the study group was 76.73±12.3 years, average time of AMD was 4.24±4.1 years. 21.5% of patients reported comorbidities such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus. 99 (68.75%) lived in a city, while 45(31.25%) in a village. There was a tendency of females to complain more than males about moderate and severe discomfort and pain (p = 0.09). Most of the patients did not drive a car before the onset of the disease (female vs.male: 81% vs 62.9%; p = 0.01). 62.8% males and 25.8% females gave up driving (p = 0.003), whereas significantly more males gave up driving’ and 25% of villagers gave up driving (p = 0.07). The parameter because of the eyesight – female vs. male: 50% vs. 20.8%; p = 0.03. There was a tendency of village respondents to complain more often about extreme difficulty in reading newspapers, street signs or the names of stores than (p = 0.08). 44.2% city residents. Rural patients felt to achieve much less because of their eyesight, which was not observed in patients from the city (p = 0.06).

The place of residence and gender influenced perception of the disease in exudative form of age-related macular degeneration.

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