Influence of distances between places of residence and wind farms on the quality of life in nearby areas
More details
Hide details
Public Health Department, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland
Family Medicine Department, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland
Public Higher Medical Professional School in Opole, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012;19(4):692-696
The quality of life has three main characteristics: it always refers to the living conditions of an individual; it is measured both with subjective and objective indicators; and it is a multidimensional concept.

Aim of the study:
To assess how the quality of life is affected by the close proximity of wind farms.

Material and Methods:
The study group consisted of 1,277 Polish adults (703 women and 574 men), living in places located near wind farms. The mean age was 45.5 ± 16.10. Some 33.2% of participants lived more than 1,500 m from wind farms; 17% – below 700 m. The research tool consisted of the Norwegian version of the SF-36 General Health Questionnaire, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for health assessment, and original questions.

Regardless of the distance between a place of residence and a wind farm, the highest quality of life was noted within the physical functioning subscale (mean 76±27.97), and the lowest within the general health (mean 55.3±24.06). Within all scales, the quality of life was assessed highest by residents of areas located closest to wind farms, and the lowest by those living more than 1,500 m from wind farms.

Close proximity of wind farms does not result in the worsening of the quality of life. Similar research should be conducted before any intended investment, and at least 6 months after construction of a wind farm.

Survey of Energy Resources 2004. World Energy Council. London, 2004. (access: 2012.04.17).
Lazarus R. Emotion and adaptation. New York: Oxford University Press 1991.p.38−41.
Krohne HW. Stress and coping theories. Available online 2002. (access: 2012.04.17).
Levine NM. Incorporation of quality-of-life assessment into clinical trials. In: Osoba D. editors. Effect of cancer on quality of life. Boston: CRC Press 1991.p.105-111.
Braun D, Gupta D, Grutsch JF, Storen ED. Can changes in health related quality of life scores predict survival in stages III and IV colorectal cancer? HQLO 2011; 9: 62. DOI:10.1186/1477-7525-9-62. (access: 2011.08.03).
Fahey T, Nolan B, Whelan, C. Monitoring quality of life in Europe. Eurofound. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg; 2003.
Spilker B. Introduction. In: Spilker B, ed. Quality of life and pharmacoeconomics in clinical trials. Philadelphia; Lippincott-Raven 1996.p.1-10.
Testa MA, Simonson DC. Assessment of quality of life. NEJM 1996; 3: 835-840. DOI:10.1056/NEJM199603283341306. (access: 1996.03.28).
Schipper H, Clinch J, Powell V. Quality of life studies: definitions and conceptual issues. In: Spilker B, ed. Quality of life and pharmacoeconomics in clinical trials. Philadelphia; Lippincott-Raven 1996.p.1-24.
Slater T, Pearce N, Booth M, Ellison-Loschmann L, Jeffreys M, Thornley L. Health Impact Assessment. Published October 2004. (access: 2012.04.17).
Lindstrom B. Quality of life: a model for evaluating health for all-conceptual considerations and policy implications. Soz Praventivmed 1992; 37(6): 301-306.
Raphael D, Rukholm E, Brown I, Hill-Bailey P, Donato E. The quality of life profile–Adolescent version: Background, description, and initial validation. JofAH 1996; 19(5): 366-375.
Polish Wind Energy Association. Wind farms in Poland. Accessed on 31.12.2011 r. (access: 2012.04.18.).
Ware JE, Sherbourne CD. The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). Med. Care 1992; 30: 473-483.
Shmueli A. Health and religiosity among Israeli Jews. EJPH 2006; 17(1): 104-111 doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckl105. (access: 2006.07.28).
Lungberg L, Johannesson M, Isacson GL, Borgquist L. Health-state utilities in a general population in relation to age, gender and socioeconomic factors. EJPH,1999; 9(3): 211-217. DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/9.3.211. (access: 1998.12.15).
Zawisza K, Tobiasz-Adamczyk B, Zapała J, Marecik T. Trafność i rzetelność kwestionariusza ogólnej oceny stanu zdrowia SF-36 w populacji chorych na nowotwory głowy i szyi. (Validity and reliability of the SF-36 health questionnaire in patients with cancer of the head and neck). Pol Dent Soc. 2009; 62(9): 751-763 (in Polish).
Tarasiuk E, Mroczek B. Ocena wpływu farm wiatrowych na zdrowie człowieka w opinii mieszkańców Wolina oraz okolicznych miejscowości (Estimate of health state of inhabitants living in the victinity of leading investments). In: Mroczek B. ed. Człowiek i środowisko. Świadomość i akceptacja społeczna. Wrocław, Continuo 2011. p.57-66 (in Polish).
Diener E. Subjective well-being. The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. Am Psychol. 2000; 55: 34-43.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top