Biomonitoring of pollen grains of a river bank suburban city, Konnagar, Calcutta, India, and its link and impact on local people
More details
Hide details
Division of Plant Biology, Bose Institute, Kolkata, India
Allergy and Asthma Department, M.P. Birla Research Center, Kolkata, India
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2015;22(2):236-242
Introduction and objectives:
Pollen grains released by plants are dispersed into the air and can become trapped in human nasal mucosa, causing immediate release of allergens triggering severe Type 1 hypersensitivity reactions in susceptible allergic patients. Recent epidemiologic data show that 11–12% of people suffer from this type of disorders in India. Hence, it is important to examine whether pollen grains have a role in dissipating respiratory problems, including allergy and astma, in a subtropical suburban city.

Material and Methods:
Meteorological data were collected for a period of two years, together with aerobiological sampling with a Burkard sampler. A pollen calendar was prepared for the city. A health survey and the hospitalization rate of local people for the above problems were documented following statistical analysis between pollen counts and the data from the two above-mentioned sources. Skin Prick Test and Indirect ELISA were performer for the identification of allergenic pollen grains.

Bio-monitoring results showed that a total of 36 species of pollen grains were located in the air of the study area, where their presence is controlled by many important meteorological parameters proved from SPSS statistical analysis and by their blooming periods. Statistical analysis showed that there is a high positive correlation of monthly pollen counts with the data from the survey and hospital. Biochemical tests revealed the allergic nature of pollen grains of many local species found in the sampler.

Bio-monitoring, together with statistical and biochemical results, leave no doubt about the role of pollen as a bio-pollutant. General knowledge about pollen allergy and specific allergenic pollen grains of a particular locality could be a good step towards better health for the cosmopolitan suburban city.

The authors especially thank the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for funding the study. Thanks are also due to the directors of the Bose Institute and the Kamala Ray Hospital, Mr. Ananta Ray, owner of the hospital, and Mr. Ananta Ray, for their kind assistance.
Moller C, Dreborg S, Ferdousi HA, Halken S, Host A, Jacobsen L, Koivikko A, Koller DY, Niggemann B, Norberg LA, Urbanek R, Valovirta E, Wahn U. Pollen immunotherapy reduces the development of asthma in children with seasonal rhinoconjunctivitis (the PAT-study). J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2002; 109(2): 251–256.
Amato G. D’, Baena- Cagnani CE, Cecchi L, Annesi-Maesano I, Nunes C, Ansotegui I, Amato MD, Liccardi G, Sofia M, Canonica. Climate change, air pollution and extreme events leading to increasing prevalence of allergic respiratory diseases. Multidiscip Respir Med. 2013; 8(12): 1–9. doi:10.1186/2049–6958–8–12.
Bonofiglio T, Orlandi F, Ruga L, Romano B,Fornaciari M. Climate change impact on the olive pollen season in Mediterranean areas of Italy: air quality in late spring from an allergenic point of view. Environ Monit Assess. 2013; 185: 877–890. doi 10.1007/s10661-012-2598-9.
Konnagar municipality website http://www.konnagarmunicipalit...) (access: 2013.08.05).
Caulton E, Lacey M, Airborne Pollens and Spores. A Guide to Trapping and Counting, 1 st ed. British Aerobiology Federation (BAF) Publishers, 1995.
Rizzi-Longo L, Pizzulin-Sauli M, Stravisi F, Ganis P. Airborne pollen calendar for Trieste (Italy), 1990–2004. Grana 2007; 46(2): 98–109.
Chauhan SVS, Goyal R. Pollen calendar of Agra city with special reference to allergenic significance . J Environ Biol. 2006; 27(2): 275–281.
Weather underground website (access: (access: 2013.08.05).
Jarvis D, Luczynska C, Chinn S, Burney P. The association of age, gender and smoking with total IgE and specific IgE. Clin Exp Allergy. 1995; 25(11): 1083–1091.
Kim J, Hahm M, Lee SY, Kim WK, Chae Y, Park YM, Han MY, Lee KJ, Kwon HJ, Jung JA, Kim SY, Ahn K. Sensitization to Aeroallergens in Korean Children: A Population-based Study in 2010. J Korean Med Sci. 2011; 26: 1165–1172. doi
Farhoudi A, Razavi A, Chavoshzadeh Z, Heidarzadeh M, Bemanian MH, Nabavi M. Descriptive study of 226 patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma in karaj city. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2005; 4 (2): 99–101.
Garcia-Mozo H, Gomez-Casero MT, Dominguez E, Galan C. Influence of pollen emission and weather-related factors on variations in holm-oak (Quercus ilex subsp. ballota) acorn production. Environ Exp Bot. 2007; 61: 35–40.
Ghosh D, Chakraborty P, Gupta J, Biswas A, Roy I, Das S, Gupta Bhattacharya S. Associations between Pollen Counts, Pollutants, and Asthma-Related Hospital Admissions in a High-Density Indian Metropolis. J Asthma. 2012; 49(8): 792–799.
Stytis DP, Stobo JD, Fudenberg H, Wells JV. Basic and clinical immunology. Singapore. No.4, Lange medical publishers, maruzen Asia (pvt) ltd, 1982.
Sircar G, Chakrabarti H.S, Saha B, Gupta-Bhattacharya S. Identification of aero-allergens from Rhizopus oryzae: An immunoproteomic approach. J Proteome. 2012; 77: 455–468.
Davies JM, Li H, Green M, Towers M, Upham JW. Subtropical grass pollen allergens are important for allergic respiratory diseases in subtropical regions. Clin Transl Allergy. 2012; 2(4): 1–10. doi:10.1186/2045–7022–2–4.
Gadermaier G, Dedic A, Obermeyer G, Frank S, Himly M and Ferreira F. Biology of weed pollen allergens. Curr Allergy Asthm R. 2004; 4(5): 391–400.
Mandal J, Chakraborty P, Roy I, Gupta-Bhattacharya S: Aerobiological, Clinical and Immunobiochemical studies on Lantana camara pollen and cross reactivity with other Verbenaceae pollen species. Aerobiologia 2012; 28: 107–119.
Gupta-Bhattacharya S, Bhattacharya K, Chanda S. Pollen grains of Cocos nucifera L. A dominant aeroallergen from India- A clinical approach. Ann Agric Environ Med. 1994;1: 28–32.
Chakraborty P, Mandal J, Sarkar E, Chowdhury I, Gupta Bhattacharya S. Clinico-immunochemical studies on airborne Areca catechu L. pollen, a probable risk factor in emergency asthma hospitalization from Eastern India. Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol. 2009;149: 305–314.
Chakraborty P, Roy I, Chatterjee S, Chanda S, Gupta-Bhattacharya S. Phoenix sylvestris Roxb Pollen Allergy: A 2-Year Randomized Controlled Trial and Follow-up Study of Immunotherapy in Patients with Seasonal Allergy in an Agricultural Area of West Bengal, India. J Invest Allerg Clin Immunol. 2006; 16(6): 377–384.
Chakraborty P, Gupta S, S. Gupta- Bhattacharya, Chanda S. Airborne pollen of Borassus flabellifer: Quantification of allergen and antigen. Aerobiologia 1999; 15(1): 49–55.
Mandal J, Roy I, Gupta-Bhattacharya S. Clinical and immunobiochemical characterization of airborne Peltophorum pterocarpum (yellow gulmohar tree) pollen: a dominant avenue tree of India. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2011; 106(5): 412–420.
Chakraborty P, Ghosh D, Chowdhury I, Chatterjee S, Chanda S, Gupta- Bhattacharya S. Aerobiological and immunochemical studies on Carica papaya L. pollen: an aeroallergen from India. Allergy 2005; 60: 920–926.
Ghosh D, Roy I, Chanda S, Gupta-Bhattacharya S: Allergy to Periwinkle pollen (Catharanthus roseus G. Don.). Ann Agric Environ Med. 2007: 14: 39–43.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top