The factor harmful to the quality of human life – shift-work
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Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education in Biała Podlaska, Institute of Public Health, Poland; Departament of Rehabilitation and Orthopaedics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Departament of Rehabilitation and Orthopaedics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Higher School of Public Health, Zielona Góra, Poland
Department of Hygiene and Dietetics, Jagiellonian University, Medical College, Krakow, Poland
University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
Department for Health Problems of Ageing, Institute of Rural Health in Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med 2013;20(2):298–300
The system of human activity, which is established by genetics and regulated by outer and inner factors, is associated with many characteristics which maintain the body in the best condition and ensure appropriate life quality. Objective. To evaluate of life quality among male shift-workers. Methods: Research based on a self-devised questionnaire, conducted among 700 shift-workers, followed by statistical analysis of the results. Results. Nearly a half of respondents (43.00%) reported that shift-work influences the quality of their family life. Remarkably, such an opinion was often stated by people with children (46.01%) p<0.05, the divorced (58.22%), married people (44.74%) and bachelors (25.33%), respectively. Fathers usually indicated lack of contact with their family as well as irregular consumption of meals (66.91%). Almost every third respondent noted that their shift type of work negatively influence their sexual life (31.14%). Conclusions. It was shown that shift-work negatively influences the respondents’ life quality in the form of deterioration of the quality of family life; the respondents, regardless of marital status, age and having children, most often complained about the lack of contact with the family and irregular eating with them; negative influence on sexual life, which was the case in one-third of respondents. In order to encourage healthy behaviour and increase the quality of life of people performing shift-work, training and programmes should be introduced. These would help shift- workers to adjust their work time to their family and social life.