State of patients’ knowledge about treatment and proceedings in type 2 diabetes

Rafal Filip 1,  
Department of Clinical Endoscopy, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Institute of Healthcare, The Bronisław Markiewicz State School of Technology and Economics, Jarosław, Poland
Department of Biology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Ann Agric Environ Med 2014;21(2):359–363
objective. The aim of the research was to evaluate the level of patients’ knowledge about type 2 diabetes, treatment and proceedings in the case of the disease. materials and method. 100 patients suffering from type 2 diabetes were included in the research, aged 40–90 years (64% and 36%), who lived in the countryside (54%) and in the city (46%), hospitalized in the internal and geriatric wards in provincial hospitals of the Podkarpacie Region in south-eastern Poland. The research method was a diagnostic survey conducted by use of a questionnaire that consisted of 31 both multiple choice and open questions. Among the respondents, 64% were women and 36% men. Among them, 18% were aged from 40–50, 20% aged from 51–60, 28% from 61–70, 24% from 71–80-years-old, and 10% of respondents were aged over 80. Among the examined, 12% were treated only by diet, 24% by insulin, 18% by insulin and diet. results. From among respondents cured by insulin, 52% of them administered their own injections, 36% had the injections administered by a family member, and 12% had the injections administered by a nurse. From among the patients, 70% knew the symptoms of hypo- and hyperglycaemia, 84% knew how to react in the case of hypoglycaemia, but only 56% knew how to react in the case of hyperglycaemia. From among respondents, 68% controlled the skin if the feet. conclusions. Over a half of the respondents (70%) know the symptoms of diabetes and mentioned frequent urination (77%) and increased thirst (65%), but 30% had no knowledge of the symptoms of diabetes. The state of the patients’ knowledge about different complications of the disease was in insufficient.