Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 and COVID-19 vaccines among Obstetrician-Gynaecologists
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University of Parma, Parma, Italy
Azrieli Faculty of Medicine, Bar-Ilan University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, United States
LUXMED Group, Poland
International European University, Kyiv, Ukraine
Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Corresponding author
Lukasz Szarpak   

Baylor College of Medicine, United States
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2023;30(4):669-676
Introduction and objective:
The article assesses the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Obstetrician-Gynaecologists (OB/GYNs) in Israel regarding COVID-19, its impact on fertility, pregnancy and childbirth, and their positions on COVID-19 vaccines.

Material and methods:
A cross-sectional anonymous survey was employed, and the data analyzed using logistic regression models.

A total of 172 OB/GYN participants aged 44.9 years, primarily female (59.7%), mostly attending physicians (60.4%), had a mean knowledge score of 75.62%, with 81.1% having sufficient knowledge about general COVID-19 information, 11.9% having specific knowledge about pregnancy, birth, and breastfeeding, and 40.3% having knowledge about COVID-19 vaccination. Notably, only 27% of participants correctly identified the increased risk of preeclampsia in pregnant women with COVID-19. Nevertheless, all OB/GYN participants recommended the COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy. The majority (65.1%) recommended vaccination across all trimesters, while a smaller percentage recommended it only in the second (25%) or third (6%) trimesters, and very few in the first trimester (4%). The study found that attitudes towards vaccination were influenced by workplace, role, religion, religious observance, and marital status.

The study showed a good level of knowledge regarding COVID-19 vaccines which contributed to OB/GYNs’ recommendations to their patients. These findings can be valuable for designing future COVID-19 vaccination campaigns.

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