RESEARCH PAPER
Occurrence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected from selected areas of Opolskie Province in south-west Poland
 
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Department of Parasitology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Marek Asman   

Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Department of Parasitology, Jedności 8, 41-200, Sosnowiec, Poland
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Ticks (Acari: Ixodida) are vectors and/or reservoirs of many pathogens, i.e. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti. These pathogens are ethiological agents of such diseases as Lyme borreliosis, human granulocytic anaplasmosis and human babesiosis.

Objective:
The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of the Ixodes ricinus in the transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Borrelia afzelii, Borrelia garinii, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti in Opolskie Province in Poland.

Material and methods:
DNA from 222 ticks was isolated by the ammonia method. The pair of primers specific to the flagelline gene was used to detect of B. burgdorferi s. l. To detect of genospecies of this spirochete, three pairs of internal primers were used. In turn, two pairs of primers specific to the 16S rDNA gene and the 18S rRNA were used, respectively, for the detection of A. phagocytophilum and B. microti. Borrelia burgdorferi s. l., A. phagocytophilum, and B. microti were detected in 4.5%, 2.7% and 5.4% of examined ticks, respectively.

Results and conclusions:
Of the ten ticks infected with B. burgdorferi s. l., B. afzelii was found in seven, undefinied genospecies in two, and mixed infection with B. afzelii and B. burgdorferi s. s. in one. The study demonstrated the potential risk of exposure of humans and animals to infections of B. burgdorferi s. l., A. phagocytophilum and B. microti in the examined area of Poland.

 
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