RESEARCH PAPER
Factors associated with disability and quality of life among the oldest-old living in community in Poland – a cross-sectional study
 
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1
Institute of Health Sciences, Medical College of Rzeszow University, Rzeszow, Poland
2
Faculty of Medicine, Lazarski University, Warsaw, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej   

Uniwersytet Rzeszowski, Warszawska 26A, 35-205, Rzeszów, Poland
 
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
In Poland, the number of the oldest-old people is increasing. The prevalence of health problems increases with age, which expands the cost of medical and social care. Therefore, there is a need to assess factors affecting the level of disability and quality of life in order to modify them.

Material and methods:
The study was carried out in a group of 498 people aged 80 and over who live in community in south-eastern Poland. The researchers collected socio-demographic and health data, the WHODAS 2.0 questionnaire was used to assess disability and functioning. Quality of life was studied using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire.

Results:
The general average level of disability was 37.41, with women having a higher level of general disability than men (38.94 vs. 33.94). The highest levels of disability occurred in areas such as mobility, life activity and participation. Statistically, a significantly higher level of disability develops in women who are older, with lower education, social involvement, not able to get help from other people and having more chronic diseases. In men, disability increased with age and greater number of chronic illnesses. The general quality of life of the study group was average (62.53) and comparable for both genders. The lowest quality of life was found in the domain of physical health. A significantly lower quality of life appeared in lonely people, with more chronic diseases, lower education, physical and social inactivity, as well as a lack of help from other people and non-adjustment to the environment.

Conclusions:
Factors affecting the disability and quality of life of the oldest-old people should be considered in developing senior health policy in Poland.

 
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