RESEARCH PAPER
Are students prone to depression and suicidal thoughts? Assessment of the risk of depression in university students from rural and urban areas
 
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1
Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
2
Chair of Health Sciences, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
3
Chair of Social Medicine, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
 
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012;19(4):770–774
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Introduction and objective:
Depressive disorders in adolescents and young adults may have serious developmental and functional consequences, such as academic failure or persistent psychosocial problems. University students are affected by specific agents which may play a role in the onset of depression. The problem of student depression is particularly important in Poland because of a recent increase in student numbers, therefore, the aim of the presented study was to evaluate the prevalence of the risk of depression and suicidal thoughts among university students in Poznan, Poland, and to analyze the role of gender, current living arrangements, background (rural/small town or urban permanent place of residence), and reported financial status.

Material and Methods:
1,065 respondent students, mean age 21.1 years, 72% of whom were females, anonymously answered a questionnaire on the risk of depression (Kutcher’s KADS) and a demographics survey. The obtained data were then analyzed statistically with the SPSS programme.

Results:
6.1 subjects were at risk of depression while 1.6 % of them had suicidal thoughts. Among analyzed determinants, perceived financial status and student’s background (permanent place of residence) were found to have a statistically significant influence on the risk of depression.

Conclusions:
Students with rural/small town background and/or lower rather than good reported financial status are more likely to become depressed.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Jerzy T. Marcinkowski   
Chair of Social Medicine, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
 
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