Weekday and weekend moderate to vigorous physical activity of young musicians in the context of public health recommendations.
More details
Hide details
Department of Recreation, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Poland.
Department of Tourism, Cracow University of Economics, Poland
Corresponding author
Agnieszka Nawrocka   

Department of Recreation, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Poland.
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2013;20(3):566-570
Physical activity is very important for the proper mental and physical development of children and youths, especially for the development of the locomotor system. The students of music schools are a unique group of children and youths, because of specific loads on the organs of locomotion, associated with the playing of musical instruments. They can therefore be exposed to a variety of health problems, particularly in the case of insufficient physical activity.

The aim of the presented study was to assess the level of physical activity of music schools' students on weekdays and weekends against the parameters of physical efforts beneficial to health.

Material and Methods:
The study involved 225 musicians from the Katowice School of Music, Complex of I and II degrees, aged 10-18 years(138 girls and 87 boys). The level of physical activity was assessed on the basis of moderate to vigorous rates (MVPA).

Both on weekdays as well as at the weekends, boys presented a higher level of physical activity of at least moderate intensity (MVPA), which also resulted in a greater total weekly pro-health physical activity. Both boys and girls dedicated significantly more time to beneficial pro-health efforts physical health at weekends (p<0.01). The percentage of young musicians who meet accepted (in this study) standards for the optimal amount of physical activity in both groups was dramatically low (3.6% of girls and 11.5% of boys).

Both boys and girls from the music schools often undertake moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) at the weekends. The boys more often than the girls made pro-health physical efforts of moderate and high intensity.

Schnohr P, Lange P, Scharling H, Jensen JS. Long-term physical activity in leisure time and mortality from coronary heart disease, stroke, respiratory diseases, and cancer. The Copenhagen City Heart Study. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2006; 13: 173–179.
Warburton DE, Nicol CW, Bredin SS. Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence. CMAJ. 2006; 174: 801–809.
Senbanjo IO, Oshikoya KA. Physical activity and body mass index of school children and adolescents in Abeokuta, Southwest Nigeria. World J Pediatr. 2010; 6: 217–222.
Zach S, Zeev A, Dunsky A, Goldbourt U, Shimony T, Goldsmith R, Netz Y. Adolescents’ physical activity habits – results from a national health survey. Child Care Health Dev. 2012.
Przewęda R, Dobosz J. Kondycja fizyczna polskiej młodzieży. AWF, Warszawa 2003.
WHO. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. 2010.
Brandfonbrener AG. Musculoskeletal problems of instrumental musicians. Hand Clin. 2003; 19: 231–239, v-vi.
Siemon B, Borisch N. [Problems of the musculoskeletal system in amateur orchestra musicians under special consideration of the hand and wrist]. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. 2002; 34: 89–94 (in Polish).
Joubrel I, Robineau S, Petrilli S, Gallien P. [Musculoskeletal disorders in instrumental musicians: epidemiological study]. Ann Readapt Med Phys. 2001; 44: 72–80 (in Polish).
Zaza C. Playing-related musculoskeletal disorders in musicians: a systematic review of incidence and prevalence. CMAJ. 1998; 158: 1019–1025.
Prochaska JJ, Sallis JF, Long B. A physical activity screening measure for use with adolescents in primary care. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2001; 155: 554–559.
Ainsworth B, Haskell W, Herrmann S, Meckes N, Bassett D, TudorLocke, et al. 2011 Compendium of Physical Activities: a second update of codes and MET values. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011; 43(8): 1575–1581.
Davies CA, Vandelanotte C, Duncan MJ, van Uffelen JG. Associations of physical activity and screen-time on health related quality of life in adults. Prev Med. 2012; 55: 46–49.
Woynarowska B. Edukacja zdrowotna. PZWL Warszawa, 2007.
Rothausen BW, Matthiessen J, Hoppe C, Brockhoff PB, Andersen LF, Tetens I. Differences in Danish children’s diet quality on weekdays v. weekend days. Public Health Nutr. 2012: 1–8.
Hart CN, Raynor HA, Osterholt KM, Jelalian E, Wing RR. Eating and activity habits of overweight children on weekdays and weekends. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2011; 6: 467–472.
Soric M, Misigoj-Durakovic M. Physical activity levels and estimated energy expenditure in overweight and normal-weight 11-year-old children. Acta Paediatr. 2010; 99: 244–250.
Kim SY, Yun J. Determining daily physical activity levels of youth with developmental disabilities: days of monitoring required? Adapt Phys Activ Q. 2009; 26: 220–235.
Fairclough SJ, Ridgers ND, Welk G. Correlates of children’s moderate and vigorous physical activity during weekdays and weekends. J Phys Act Health. 2012; 9: 129–137.
Duncan MJ, Birch S, Al-Nakeeb Y, Nevill AM. Ambulatory physical activity levels of white and South Asian children in Central England. Acta Paediatr. 2012; 101: e156–162.
Yu ML, Ziviani JM, Haynes M. Sleep, structured and social time use and young Australian children’s physical activity. Health Promot J Austr. 2011; 22: 203–209.
Steele RM, van Sluijs EM, Sharp SJ, Landsbaugh JR, Ekelund U, Griffin SJ. An investigation of patterns of children’s sedentary and vigorous physical activity throughout the week. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2010; 7: 88.
Groffik D, Skalik K. Aktywność ruchowa młodzieży wiejskiej. Roczniki Naukowe AWF Poznań, 2003.
Zitouni D, Guinhouya BC. Maturity negates the gender-related difference in physical activity among youth. Is this equally justified whatever the accelerometer cut-off point used? J Sci Med Sport. 2011.
Saint-Maurice PF, Welk GJ, Silva P, Siahpush M, Huberty J. Assessing children’s physical activity behaviors at recess: a multi-method approach. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2011; 23: 585–599.
Oh HJ, Hannon J, Williams DP. Physical Activity Differences by Birthplace and Sex in Youth of Mexican Heritage. J Phys Act Health. 2011.
Nettlefold L, McKay HA, Warburton DE, McGuire KA, Bredin SS, Naylor PJ. The challenge of low physical activity during the school day: at recess, lunch and in physical education. Br J Sports Med. 2011; 45: 813–819.
Cabak A, Woynarowska B. Physical activity of youths aged 11–15 years in year 2002 in Poland and other countries. Phys. Educ. Sport 2004; 48: 361–366.
Charzewska J, Wajszczyk B, Chabros E, Rogalska-Niedźwiedź M. Aktywność fizyczna w Polsce w rożnych grupach według wieku i płci. In: Jarosz M. (ed.). Otyłość, żywienie, aktywność fizyczna, zdrowie Polaków. Instytut Żywności i Żywienia, Warszawa 2006: pp. 311–340 (in Polish).
Bergier J, Kapka-Skrzypczak L, Bilinski P, Paprzycki P, Wojtyla A. Physical activity of Polish adolescents and young adults according to IPAQ: a population based study. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2011; 19(1): 109–115.
Mynarski W, Nawrocka A, Rozpara M, Garbaciak W. Physical activity of male and female adolescents living in a town and a city in the context of public health recommendations. Biomedical Human Kinetics. 2012; 4: 18–23.
Riddoch CJ, Bo Andersen L, Wedderkopp N, Harro M, KlassonHeggebo L, Sardinha LB, Cooper AR, Ekelund U. Physical activity levels and patterns of 9- and 15-yr-old European children. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004; 36: 86–92.
Murtagh EM, Murphy MH. Active travel to school and physical activity levels of Irish primary schoolchildren. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2011; 23: 230–236.
Jauregui A, Villalpando S, Rangel-Baltazar E, Castro-Hernandez J, Lara-Zamudio Y, Mendez-Gomez-Humaran I. The physical activity level of Mexican children decreases upon entry to elementary school. Salud Publica Mex. 2011; 53: 228–236.
Ruiz JR, Ortega FB, Martinez-Gomez D, Labayen I, Moreno LA, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Manios Y, Gonzalez-Gross M, Mauro B, Molnar D, et al. Objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in European adolescents: the HELENA study. Am J Epidemiol. 2011; 174: 173–184.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top