The quality of life and satisfaction with life of women who are childless by choice
More details
Hide details
Department of the Basics of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Gynaecology and Obstetrics Unit with Maternity Ward, Independent Public Hospital, Radzyń Podlaski, Poland
Department for Woman Health, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Corresponding author
Grażyna Iwanowicz-Palus   

Department of the Basics of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017;24(2):250-253
The study attempts to identify and analyze factors affecting the quality of life and satisfaction with life of women who are childless by choice.

Material and Methods:
The research instruments used were: the WHOQOL-Bref questionnaire and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), and author’s own questionnaire.

A better overall quality of life, perception of own health and quality of life in all the specific domains analyzed was found among childless women living in cities, college/university-educated, and with a good or very good financial standing.

A positive correlation was found between satisfaction with life and overall quality of life, general perceived health, and all quality of life domains. Higher satisfaction with life scores in childless women are correlated with a higher quality of life scores and better perceived health.

Wanga H, Abbott DA. Waiting for Mr. Right: The meaning of being a single educated chinese female over 30 in Beijing and Guangzhou. Womens Stud Int Forum. 2013; 40: 222–229. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2013.08.004.
Kreager P. Where are the children? In: Kreager P, Schröder-Butterfill E, editors. Aging Without Children: European and Asian Perspectives on Elderly Access to Support Networks. Berghahn Books, Oxford: 2005; p. 1–45.
Salles A, Rossier C, Brachet S. Understanding the long term effects of family policies on fertility: The diffusion of different family models in France and Germany. Dem Res. 2010; 22: 1057–1096. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2010.22.34.
Sobotka T, Testa MR. Attitudes and intentions toward childlessness in Europe. In: Höhn C, Avramov D, Kotowska IE, editors. People, population change and policies. Lessons from the Population Policy Acceptance study, Springer; 2008. p. 177–211.
Hansen T, Slagsvold B, Moum T. Childlessness and psychological well-being in midlife and old age: An examination of parental status effects across a range of outcomes. Soc Indic Res. 2009; 94: 343–362. doi: 10.1007/s11205-008-9426-1.
Central Statistical Office. Demographic Surveys and Labour Market Department. Population projection 2014–2050. Statistical analyses and studies. Warsaw 2014.
Hagestad GO, Call VRA. Pathways to childlessness – A life course perspective. J Fam Issues. 2007; 28: 1338–1361.
Graham ML, Hill E, Shelley JM, Taket AR. An examination of the health and wellbeing of childless women: A cross-sectional exploratory study in Victoria, Australia. BMC Womens Health. 2011; 10. doi: 10.1186/1472-6874-11-47.
Kendig H, Dykstra P, Van Gaalen R, Melkas T. Health of aging parents and childless individuals. J Fam Issues. 2007; 28: 1457–1486.
Włodarczyk P, Ziółkowski A. Having children and physical activity level and other types of pro-health behaviour of women from the perspective of the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Balt J Health Phys Act. 2009: 1: 143–149, doi: 10.2478/v10131-009-0017-6.
Weir R, Day P, Ali W. Risk factors for breast cancer in women. New Zealand Health Technology Assessment (NZHTA) Report 2007; 10 (2).
Tamakoshi A, Tamakoshi K, Lin Y, Mikami H, Inaba Y, Yagyu K, Kikuchi S. JACC Study Group. Number of children and all-cause mortality risk: results from the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study. Eur J Public Health. 2011; 21: 732–737. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckq175.
McMunn A, Bartley M, Kuh D. Women’s health in mid-life: life course social roles and agency as quality. Soc Sci Med. 2006; 63: 1561–1572.
Holton S, Fisher J, Rowe H. Motherhood: is it good for women’s mental health? J Reprod Infant Psychol. 2010; 28: 223–239. doi: 10.1080/02646830903487359.
McQuillan J, Greil AL, White L, Jacob MC. Frustrated fertility: Infertility and psychological distress among women. J Marriage Fam. 2003; 65: 1007–1018.
Vikström J, Bladh M, Hammar M, Marcusson J, Wressle E, Sydsjö G. The influences of childlessness on the psychological well-being and social network of the oldest old. BMC Geriatr. 2011; 11. doi: 10.1186/1471-2318-11-78.
Plotnick RD. Childlessness and the economic well-being of older Americans. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2009; 64B: 767–776, doi:10.1093/geronb/gbp023.
Zagozdzon P, Kolarzyk E, Marcinkowski JT. Quality of life and rural place of residence in Polish women – population based study. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2011; 18(2): 429–432.
Lebrun CE, van der Schouw YT, de Jong FH, Pols HA, Grobbee DE, Lamberts SW. Relations between body composition, functional and hormonal parameters and quality of life in healthy postmenopausal women. Maturitas. 2006; 55: 82–92.
Holt-Lunstad J, Birmingham W, Jones BQ. Is there something unique about marriage? The relative impact of marital status, relationship quality, and network social support on ambulatory blood pressure and mental health. Ann Behav Med. 2008; 35: 239–244. doi: 10.1007/s12160-008-9018-y.
Abbott P, Sapsford R. Life–satisfaction in post-soviet Russia and Ukraine. J Happiness Stud. 2006; 7: 251–287. doi: 10.1007/s10902-005-5563-2.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top