REVIEW PAPER
Supporting the treatment of infertility using psychological methods
 
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1
Medical University, Lublin, Poland
 
2
National Medical Institute of the Ministry of the Interior and Administration, Warsaw, Poland
 
3
Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
 
 
Corresponding author
Ewa Humeniuk   

Medical University of Lublin, ul. Staszica 4-6, 20-081, Lublin, Poland
 
 
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction and objective:
The aim of the study was to review the current state of knowledge regarding the treatment of emotional consequences of infertility using psychosocial interventions and their effectiveness.

Review methods:
The review was based on data obtained from scientific articles published in the Pub Med, Science Direct, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Embase, Scopus, Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMbase, and The Cochrane Library between 1997–2022.

Brief description of the state of knowledge:
Assistance offered to persons afflicted by the problem of infertility may take various forms, depending not only on the needs of those interested and the stage of treatment, but also on the capabilities of the staff (type and level of education). Commonly available, well-developed and researched methods of therapy are most frequently applied, often expanded by such elements as education concerning fertility and life style, and information about diagnosis and treatment. Modified methods of psychological intervention specially adjusted to persons struggling with infertility are also used. The indicators of the effectiveness of these methods are: reduction of stress, better coping with difficulties, decrease in the rates of psychological disorders, as well as an improvement of sperm parameters in men, and an increase in pregnancy and live birth rates.

Summary:
The most frequently recommended methods of psychosocial intervention are these based on cognitive behavioural therapy and variants of stress reduction techniques. It is recommended that patients with infertility are provided with psychological care throughout the treatment period, and that the medical staff is equipped with standardized methods of assessing their mental state.

 
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