Study on the concentration of airbone respirable asbestos fibres in rural areas of the Lublin region in south-east Poland
More details
Hide details
Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Life Sciences, Lublin, Poland
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Faculty, Lublin University of Technology, Poland
Department of Public Health, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2014;21(3):639-643
The objective of the study was measurement of the concentrations of airborne asbestos fibres in the rural environment of the Lublin Region in south-east Poland.

Measurements of concentrations of respirable asbestos fibres were carried out in the rural areas of the Lublin Region (Lublin and Włodawa counties) for a period of 24 months. The studies were conducted on 3 farms with various technical conditions of asbestos-containing materials: Farm A – good technical condition of asbestos products, Farm B – poor technical condition, and Farm C – with no asbestos containing products and no such products in its direct vicinity (up to 500 m). On the selected farms, 3 samples on each were simultaneously collected at 3 measuring sites. During the period 2009–2011, a total number of 216 samples were collected on all farms. Sampling was performed using JSH 16,000 stationary aspirators, with air flow velocity of 16 l/min. and sampling time 60–80 minutes. The number of fibres on filters was determined using an optical phase contrast microscope.

The study showed that the mean concentration of respirable asbestos fibres on the farms examined was 296 fibres•m-3. The highest concentrations were noted on Farm B was 529 fibres•m-3, on average; on farm A the mean concentration of respirable fibres was 328 fibres•m-3, whereas the lowest mean concentration of airborne respirable asbestos fibres was noted on farm C, where there were no asbestos products (30 fibres•m-3).

Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine. Air contamination with asbestos. Health effects. Study report, Łódź 2010.
Pastuszka J S. Emission of airborne fibres from mechanically impacted asbestos-cement sheets and concentration of fibrous aerosol in the home environment in Upper Silesia, Poland. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2009; 162: 1171–1177.
Obmiński A. Transport in the natural environment. Municipal transport 2008. (access: 2010.05.31).
Programme for removal of asbestos-containing products for the Lublin Region. Board of the Lubelskie Voivodship, Lublin 2005.
Hillllerdal G. Mesothelioma: cases associated with non-occupational and low dose exposures. Occup Environ Med. 1999; 56(8): 505–5013.
Hilbert TJ, Franzblau A, Dunning KK, Borton EK, Rohs AM, Lockey JE. Asbestos-Related Radiographic Findings Among Household Contacts of Workers Exposed to Libby Vermiculite: Impact of Workers’ Personal Hygiene Practices. J Occup Environ Med. 2013; 55(11): 1300–1304.
Donaldson K, Poland CA, Murphy FA, MacFarlane M, Chernova T, Schinwald A. Pulmonary toxicity of carbon nanotubes and asbestos — Similarities and differences . Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews 2013; 65(15): 2078–2086.
Kim SJ, Williams D, Cheresh P, Kamp DW. Asbestos-Induced Gastrointestinal Cancer. J Gastroint Dig Syst. 2013; 3: 3.
Polish Standard PN-84/Z-04008–02: Air Purity Protection – Sampling – General Guidelines for Sampling of Ambient Air (emmision). Polish Committee for Standarization (PKN), Warsaw 1984.
Polish Standard PN-88/Z-04202/02: Air Purity Protection – Tests for Asbestos – Determination of Concentration of Respirable Asbestos Fibers at Workplaces by Optical Microscopy. Polish Committee for Standarization (PKN), Warsaw 1988.
Kvam PH, Vidakovic B. Nonparametric Statistics with Applications to Science and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, 2007.
Krakowiak E, Górny RL, Cembrzyńska J, Sąkol G, Boissier-Draghi M, Anczyk E. Environmental Exposure to Airbone Asbestos Fibres in a Highly Urbanized City. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2009; 16:121–128.
Szeszenia-Dąbrowska N, Sobala W, Świątkowska B, Stroszejn-Mrowca G, Wilczyńska U. Environmental Asbestos Pollution – Situation in Poland. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2012; 25(1): 3–13.
Sakai K, Hisanaga N, Kohyama N, Shibata E, Takeuchi Y. Airbone Fiber Concentration and Size Distribution of Mineral Fibers in Area with Serpentinite Outcrops in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Ind Health. 2001; 39: 132–140.
Constantopoulos SH. Environmental mesothelioma associated with tremolite asbestos: Lessons from the experiences of Turkey, Greece, Corsica, New Caledonia and Cyprus. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 2008; 52: 110–115.
Lim HS, Kim JY, Sakai K, Hisanaga N. Airborne asbestos and non-asbestos fiber concentrations in non-occupational environments in Korea. Ind Health. 2004; 42(2): 171–178.
Kakooei H, Yunesian M, Marioryad H, Azam K. Assessment of airborne asbestos fiber concentrations in urban area of Tehran, Iran. Air Qual Atmos Health. 2009; 2: 39–45.
International Program for Chemical Safety. Asbestos and Other Natural Mineral Fibers. Envinromental Health Criteria No. 53. Geneva, WHO 1986.
Hasanoglu HC, Yildirim Z, Ermis H, Kilic T, Koksal N. Lung cancer and mesothelioma in towns with environmental exposure to asbestos in Eastern Anatolia. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2006; 79: 89–91.
World Health Organization. Air Quality Guidelines for Europe, second edition. Regional Office, Cophenhagen 2000.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top