Introduction and objective:
School, as well family, are the most crucial institutions in creating the attitudes of children and adolescents toward food and nutrition. The coherency between impact on both of them, especially in therms of content, determines the results in improvement of these attitudes towards more prohealthy nutrition. Therefore, a nutritional education programme in primary schools, addressed to both pupils and parents, is necesary. The aim of this study is to identify the opinions of primary school teachers on nutrition education in relation to primary school pupils’ knowledge and its sources of the principles of proper nutrition.

Material and methods:
In 2022–2023, qualitative research was conducted among primary school teachers (n=112; 25 FGIs group) using the FGI method. The focus group meetings were tape-recorded and transcribed. A written report was generated based on the independent evaluation of two staff members.

Teachers mentioned several barriers to making changes in educational programmes in terms of introducing nutritional content, such as: necessity of extra time and money needed to purchase materials for practical exercises, lack of interest and skills in cooking, and insufficient knowledge about the health properties of food. Participants of group discussions shared ideas about programme content and delivery. Three teachers’ profiles were identified in their approach to nutrition education of primary school pupils: ‘engaged’, ‘skeptical’ and ‘indifferent’.

On the basis of the FGIs survey, it was concluded that the level of pupils’ food and nutritional knowledge needs improvement, and that there is a need for a unified nutrition education programmeme in all schools on all educational levels, focused on the cooperation of teachers and pupils’ parents.

The study was supported financially by the Polish Ministry of Sciences and Education, Warsaw, Poland (MEiN/2022/ DPI/96, 7 March 2022). Project title: Conducting scientific research in the field of nutrition of children and adolescents, developing and implementing a nutritional education programme for pupils of grades 1–6 of primary schools. Acronym: Junior-Edu-Żywienie (JEŻ)’.
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