Correlations among plasma silicon, magnesium and calcium in patients with knee osteoarthritis – analysis in consideration of gender
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Chair and Department of Medical Chemistry, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Traumatic-Orthopaedic and Spine Surgery Ward, Independent Public Health Care Centre in Puławy, Puławy, Poland
Department of Virology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Introduction and objective:
Osteoarthrits (OA) is a complex, chronic disorder of cartilage and bone, related to homeostasis of bioelements. The current study aimed at evaluation of correlations between plasma silicon, magnesium and ionized calcium in OA patients in consideration to gender.

Material and methods:
The study comprised 59 patients aged 69.5±9.0 years (18 males aged 66.8±9.2; 41 females aged 70.7±8.8), admitted to the Trauma and Orthopaedic Ward of the Independent Public Health Care Centre in Łęczna, Poland, due to OA and qualified to surgery. Control group consisted of 19 subjects without OA (54.5±8.6 years; 10 males aged 41.3±9.3; 9 females aged 69.1±14.9). Plasma concentrations of silicon and magnesium (spectrophotometric methods) and ionized calcium (potentiometric method) were determined.

Silicon in OA patients was significantly increased vs. control. In OA males and OA females, silicon was enhanced vs. the respective controls, but it was statistically significant only in males. Magnesium in OA patients was not significantly different from control group. In females, a significant decrease vs. the respective control was observed. No significant differences were observed in the case of ionized calcium. Positive correlations between silicon and magnesium in healthy control, both in the whole group and in male and female subgroups, were noted, while no such effect was observed in OA subjects.

The results might suggest some connection between higher OA incidence in women and the depleted magnesium in the organism. Silicon increase in OA patients, especially in men, may indicate its intense metabolism during the articular inflammatory process, likely dependent on sex hormones. It remains open whether the plasma Si increase is the effect or cause of OA.

Małgorzata Kiełczykowska   
Chair and Department of Medical Chemistry, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland, Chodźki 4 a, 20-093 Lublin, Poland
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