RESEARCH PAPER
Pain symptoms of the spine and work ergonomics of people in south-eastern Poland
 
More details
Hide details
1
Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Physiotherapy, University of Rzeszow, Poland
2
Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Rzeszow, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Artur Mazur
Medical Faculty University of Rzeszow, Warszawska 26a, 35-350 Rzeszów, Poland
 
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2013;20(Special Issue 1):39–44
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction. Pain disorders of the spine are the most common causes of appointments with physiotherapists. It has been estimated that nine out of ten adults at least once in their lifetime experience spine pains and five out of ten working people have this kind of ailments a minimum once a year. Objective. The evaluation of the occurrence of spine pains in people who are professionally active with regards to obeying the rules of work ergonomics. Material and methods. The research group has been composed of 100 people professionally active from south-eastern Poland. Their ages have been from 20 to 50 years (average age has been 35 years). In the research the authors’ own survey and VAS scale have been used on which the surveyed person has marked the intensity of pain experience in the area of the spine. Results. Greater pain in the spine has been experienced by people who have never obeyed the rules of, among others, manual lifting and/or carrying the maximum load, lifting and carrying heavy objects, in their work. The lowest degree of pain has been experienced by those who obeyed the above-mentioned rules. Conclusions. Assuming the incorrect body posture during the everyday activities and disobeying the rules of ergonomics resulting from lack of knowledge are crucial factors in the occurrence of spine pains. People who disobey rules of ergonomics experienced spine pain to a higher degree.
 
REFERENCES (32)
1.
Main CJ, Linton SJ. What really goes on behind closed doors: The need to understand communication about pain. Scandinavian Journal of Pain 2013; 4: 23–24.
 
2.
Dziak A. Bóle i dysfunkcje kręgosłupa, Medicina Sportiva. 2007; 13–15, 42, 67, 431, 433, 450, 915, 927, 941.
 
3.
Ajimsha MS, Binsu D, Chithra S. Effectiveness of Myofascial release in the management of chronic low back pain in nursing professionals. Journal of Bodywork &Movement Therapies, 2013.
 
4.
Chastin SF, Granat MH. Methods for objective measure, quantification and analysis of sedentary behaviour and inactivity. Gait Posture 2010; 31(1): 82–86.
 
5.
Svendsen JH, Svarrer H, Laessoe U. et.al. Standardized activities of daily living in presence of sub-acute low-back pain: A pilot study. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2013; 23(1): 159–165.
 
6.
Brooks PM. Impact of osteoarthritis on individuals and society: how much disability? Social consequences and health economic implications. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2002; 14(5): 573–577.
 
7.
Griffin DW, Harmon DC, Kennedy NM. Do patients with chronic low back pain have an altered level and/or pattern of physical activity compared to healthy individuals? A systematic review of the literature. Physiotherapy 2012; 98(1): 13–23.
 
8.
Muraki S, Akune T, Oka H, et.al. Incidence and risk factors for radiographic lumbar spondylosis and lower back pain in japanese men and women: the ROAD study. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2012; 20(7): 712–718.
 
9.
Jiménez-Sánchez S, Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C, Carrasco-Garrido P et. al. Prevalence of chronic head, neck and low back pain and associated factors in women residing in the Autonomous Region of Madrid (Spain). Gac Sanit. 2012; 26(6): 534–540.
 
10.
Loghmani A, Golshiri P, Zamani A et al. Musculoskeletal symptoms and job satisfaction among office-workers: A Cross- sectional study from Iran. Acta Med Acad. 2013; 42(1): 46–54.
 
11.
Kędra A. Częstość występowania bólów kręgosłupa a sposób spędzania czasu wolnego wśród dziewcząt wiejskich. Nowa Pediatria 2006; 4: 90–94.
 
12.
Domżał T. Bóle krzyża. Przewodnik Lekarza 2001; 11(4): 104.
 
13.
Państwowa Inspekcja Pracy. By lżej było nosić – zapobieganie schorzeniom dolnej części kręgosłupa w sektorze opieki zdrowotnej. Kampania SLIC. 2007.p.12–14 (in Polish).
 
14.
Siręga R. Profilaktyka i przykłady ćwiczeń leczniczych w zespołach bólowych kręgosłupa w odcinku szyjno- piersiowym. Rymanów Zdrój, 2008.p.22 (in Polish).
 
15.
Goodman DM, Burke AE, Livingston EH. JAMA patient page. Low back pain. Jama 2013; 309(16): 1738.
 
16.
Sterud T. Work-related psychosocial and mechanical risk factors for work disability: a 3-year follow-up study of the general working population in Nowary, Scand J Work Environ Health. 2013; 39(5): 468–476.
 
17.
Evans R, Bronfort G. Two- Lear follow up of a randomized clinical trial of spina land two types of excercise for patients with chronic neck pain. Spine. 2002; 27(21): 2383–2389.
 
18.
Walker B. The prevalence of low back pain: a systematic review of the literature from 1966 to 1998. J Spinal Disord. 2000; 13(3): 205–217.
 
19.
Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C, Alonso-Blanco C, Hernández-Barrera V et al. Has the prevalence of neck pain and low back pain changed over the last 5 years? A population-based national study in Spain. Spine J. 2013; 13(9): 1069–76.
 
20.
Lisiński P, Sklepowicz K, Stryła W. Praca przy komputerze przyczyna dolegliwości bólowych kręgosłupa szyjnego. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil. 2005; 7(2): 204–208.
 
21.
Choi K, Park JH, Cheong HK. Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Symptoms Related With Activities of Daily Living and Contributing Factors in Korean Adults, J Prev Med Public Health. 2013; 46(1): 39–49.
 
22.
Omokhodion F, Sanya A. Risk factors for low back pain among office workers in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria. Occup Med. 2003; 53(4): 287–289.
 
23.
Wolańska O, Wolański W. Ergonomia pracy przy komputerze w aspekcie obciążeń kręgosłupa. Zeszyty naukowe katedry mechaniki stosowanej 2005; 27: 160–165 (in Polish).
 
24.
Truchan M. Determinant sof chronic disability related to low back pain: towards an integrated biopsychosocial model. Disabil Rehabil. 2011; 23(17): 758–767.
 
25.
Bureau of Labor Statistics U.S. Department of Labor: Nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses requiring days away from work. 2011.
 
26.
Konarska M. Ergonomia w dyrektywach i normach. Bezpieczeństwo Pracy. 2007; 1: 6.
 
27.
Durmus D, Ilhanli I. Are there work-related musculoskeletal problems among teachers in Samsun, Turkey? J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2012; 25(1): 5–12.
 
28.
Pengying Y, Fengying L, Liping L et al. Neck/shoulder pain and low back pain among school teachers in China, prevalence and risk factors. BMC Public Health. 2012; 12: 789.
 
29.
Cardoso JP, Ribeiro IQB, Araújo TM et.al. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among teachers. Rev Bras Epidemiol. 2009, 12(4): 604–614.
 
30.
Samad NIA, Abdullah H, Moin S et.al. Prevalence of low back pain and its risk factors among school teachers. Am J Appl Sci. 2010; 7(5): 634–639.
 
31.
Zyznawska J, Ćwiertnia B, Madetko R. Dolegliwości bólowe kręgosłupa w grupie zawodowej pielęgniarek i położnych. Pielęgniarstwo Chirurgiczne i Angiologiczne. 2011; 2: 54–59 (in Polish).
 
32.
Khan SA, Chew KY. Effect of working characteristics and taught ergonomics on the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders amongst dental students. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2013; 2: 14.
 
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966