RESEARCH PAPER
Nutritional habits in the light of general health behaviours of pregnant women
 
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1
Department of Physical Culture and Health Promotion, University of Szczecin, Poland
2
Department of Economics and Management, University of Szczecin, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Justyna Krzepota   

Department of Physical Culture and Health Promotion, University of Szczecin, Poland
 
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2014;21(2):425–428
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction and Objective:
Teaching pregnant women behaviours connected with care for one’s health condition and a healthy lifestyle is crucial in perinatal care. Desired health behaviours, including nutritional habits, play an important role in the health of the mother, as well as the proper development of the foetus. The aim of the presented study was to analyse the subjective assessment of nutritional habits in the light of general health behaviours of pregnant women.

Material and Methods:
Research was conducted on a sample of 81 women in Szczecin. The methodological basis for investigation was Juczyński’s Health Behaviour Inventory (HBI). General index of intensity of health behaviours (GIIHB) was calculated by adding the results for all the 24 statements included in the HBI. Four categories of health behaviours were analysed separately: proper nutritional habits, preventive behaviours, positive thinking and health practices. The study presents the analysis of proper nutritional habits (PNH) in the light of GIIHB of women attending antenatal classes.

Results:
Results indicate that the PNH of pregnant women displays a positive correlation with their GIIHB (r=0.654; p<0.05). It is also shown that the PNH (r=0.26, p<0.05) and GIIHB (r=0.35; p<0.05) are related to the age of pregnant women participating in antenatal classes.

Conclusions:
Research indicates the need for education of pregnant women, initiatives and campaigns aimed at propagating and promoting proper health behaviours, including nutritional behaviours. There is a positive relationship between the PNH of women participating in antenatal classes and their GIIHB. Such measures should be addressed to women regardless of whether they participate in antenatal classes or not, and regardless of their age or level of education.

 
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