REVIEW PAPER
Influence of pesticides on respiratory pathology – a literature review
 
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1
Department of Internal Medicine, ‘Iuliu Hatieganu’ University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2
Department of Pneumology, ‘ Iuliu Hatieganu’ University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Teodora Gabriela Alexescu   

“Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, Department of Internal Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Republicii no 18, 4000015, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Pesticides are widely employed in agriculture, and the food industry is forced to combat the pests and diseases they cause. Respiratory pathology is related to occupational exposure to pesticides. Impairment of pulmonary function was observed among people professionally exposed to pesticides. Because of the marked use of pesticides in agriculture during the last 20 years, there has been a significant increase in respiratory problems within the population, not only among people who come in direct contact with them, but even in the case of manipulators.

Objective:
The aim is a review of the literature of the past 10 years on the correlation between occupational exposure to pesticides and respiratory pathology.

Material and Methods:
Electronic search in ‘Pub Med’ and ‘Web of Science’ was performed in September 2019 to find papers regarding the above-investigated aspects. Abstracts and full-text articles containing the targeted subject were included. Reviews and studies about the influence of pesticides on other pathologies than respiratory were excluded. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, eligible full-text articles were identified.

Conclusions:
Exposure to pesticides is highly correlated with respiratory pathologies (asthma, COPD, lung cancer). Contact with these substances can occur at any time in the production, transport, preparation or application of the treatments. Numerous studies documented the association between exposure to pesticides, and therefore the increased incidence of respiratory, cardiovascular and renal diseases, as well as the aging phenomenon.

 
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