BRIEF COMMUNICATION
EFFECT OF MICROCLIMATE ON BACTERIAL COUNT AND AIRBORNE EMISSION FROM DAIRY BARNS ON THE ENVIRONMENT
 
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1
Department of Animal Hygiene, Environment and Ethology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
2
Department of Zoohygiene and Livestock Technology, Croatian Veterinary Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
3
Krmiva Co., Zagreb, Croatia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Kristina Matković   

Department of Animal Hygiene, Environment and Ethology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Heinzelova 55, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia
 
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2006;13(2):349–354
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ABSTRACT
The main microclimate parameters, i.e. bacterial count and airborne emission to the immediate environment, were analyzed in a dairy barn. Air temperature, relative humidity and air flow velocity were measured on an attested Testo 400 device (Testo Inc., Germany). Air samples were collected by use of a Merck MAS-100 device (Merck KgaA, Darmstadt, Germany) onto a commercially available nutrient Columbia agar (Biolife, Milan, Italy) and incubated for 24 h in an incubator at 37ºC work temperature. Measurements were carried out once a week in the morning, at noon, and in the evening during October and November 2002. In the barn, measurements were performed in the animal housing area along the feedlot, and outside the barn at a distance of 5 m, 25 m and 50 m eastward and westward from the barn. The measured dairy barn temperature ranged from 11.2ºC to 13.1ºC, relative humidity from 71.3-78.6%, and air flow velocity from 0.09-0.11 m/s. The mean value of total bacterial count in the barn air ranged from 2.82×104 cfu/m3 at noon to 7.76×104 cfu/m3 in the evening. Bacterial count decreased at particular measuring sites outside the barn, with Wilcoxon matched pair test showing statistical significance (p<0.05) at a distance of 5 m eastward and 5 m westward of the barn.
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966