The influence of architecture, design and physical environment in residential buildings on cardiovascular disease – rationale and protocol for an overview of systematic reviews
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Chair of Urbanism and City Structure, Faculty of Architecture, University of Technology, Kraków, Poland
Department of Family Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków; College of Family Physicians in Poland, Warsaw, Poland
Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of Opole; College of Family Physicians in Poland, Warsaw, Poland
Tomasz Tomasik   

Department of Family Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow and the College of Family Physicians in Poland, Warsaw, Poland
Registration In accordance with the guidelines, this systematic review protocol was registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) on 20 February 2023 (Registration No.: CRD42023397994).
Introduction and Objective. Architecture and design solutions profile the environment and living conditions in residential housing and may have an impact on health. The aim of the study was to summarise all published systematic reviews (SRs) with or without meta-analysis (MAs), which assess the effect on cardiovascular disease (CVD) of the architecture, design and physical environment in residential buildings. Materials and method. This study presents the rationale and protocol of an overview of SRs. It was prepared according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P). Four bibliographical databases will be searched. Eligible SRs can include RCTs, quasi-RCTs and observational studies. Results and Summery. The expected results of the completed overview of SRs will comprehensively summarise evidence concerning the influence of residential environment on cardiovascular health. This might be of importance to physicians, architects, public health professionals and politicians.
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