RESEARCH PAPER
Dietary habits and lifestyle among adolescents in Damascus, Syria
 
More details
Hide details
1
Nutrition and Health Studies Unit, Deanship of Scientific Research, University of Bahrain, and Arab Centre for Nutrition, Bahrain
2
Dietetic Clinic, Damascus, Syria
 
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2014;21(2):416–419
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
introduction. Dietary and lifestyle behaviours among adolescents are risk factors for several chronic diseases in adulthood. objective. To examine the differences in dietary habits and lifestyle between male and female adolescents in Syria. materials and method. A cross-sectional multi-stage stratified sampling study was carried out on adolescents, 15–18-years-old, in Damascus, Syria. The total sample selected was 365 (178 males and 187 females). Data were collected with a pretested questionnaire. results. There were significant differences between males and females in the frequency of intake of vegetables, milk and dairy products, red meat, sugary beverages and fast foods. Females were more likely to skip breakfast than males (52.4% vs. 43%), but the difference was not statistically significant. Males were significantly more likely to consume larger portions of fast foods and soft drinks. Significant differences were found between genders in eating while watching television, hours using Internet, practicing physical activity and emotional eating. conclusion. A significant variation between male and female Syrian adolescents in their food habits and lifestyle was observed. Interventions should consider the gender differences to promote a healthy lifestyle for schoolchildren in Syria.
 
REFERENCES (27)
1.
World Health Organization (WHO). Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Technical Report Series 916. Geneva, Switzerland, 2002.
 
2.
Fouad MF, Rastan S, Ward KD, Maziak W. Prevalence of obesity and its association factors in Aleppo, Syria. Prevention and Control. 2006; 2: 85–94.
 
3.
Maziak W, Rastan S, Mazyek F, Ward KD, Eissenberg T, Keil U. Cardiovascular health among adults in Syria: a model from developing countries. Ann Epidemiology. 2007; 17: 713–720.
 
4.
World Health Organization. Global Status Report on Noncommunicable Disease. 2010. Geneva, Switzerland, 2011.
 
5.
Jaghasi I, Hatahet W, Dashash M. Dietary patterns and oral health in schoolchildren from Damascus, Syria Arab Republic. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2012; 18: 358–364.
 
6.
Nasreddine L, Mehio-Sibai A, Maryati M, Adra N, Hwalla N. Adolescent obesity in Syria. Prevalence and associated factors. Childcare, Health and Development, 2009.p.1365–2214.
 
7.
Bashour HN. Survey of dietary habits of in-school adolescents in Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2004; 10(6): 853–862.
 
8.
Musaiger AO, Bader Z, AL-Roomi K, D’Souza R. Dietary and lifestyle habits amongst adolescents in Bahrain. Food and Nutrition Research. 2011; 55: 7122.
 
9.
Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Epi-info www.cdc. gov/epiinfo/ (access: 2012.07.15).
 
10.
Gharib N, Rasheed P. Energy and macronutrient intake and dietary patterns among school children in Bahrain: a cross-sectional study. Nutrition Journal. 2011; 10: 62.
 
11.
Al-Hazzaa HM, Abahussain NA, Al-Sobayel HI, Qahwaji DM, Musaiger AO. Physical activity, sedentary behavior and dietary habits among Saudi adolescents relative to age, gender and region. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition Physical Activity. 2011; 8: 140.
 
12.
Bin Zaal AA, Musaiger AO, D’Souza R. Dietary habits associated with obesity among adolescents in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Nutrition Hospitaliria. 2009; 24(4): 437–444.
 
13.
Hung HC, Joshipura KJ, Jiang R, et al. Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of major chronic disease. Journal of Notational Cancer Institute. 2004; 96: 1577–1584.
 
14.
Musaiger AO, Al-Manni M, Taaaem R, Al-Lalla O, Ali Eya, Kalam F, Benhamed MM, Saghir S, Halahela I, Djoudi Z, Chirane M. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in seven Arab countries. Journal of Obesity 2010.
 
15.
Niemeier HM, Raynor HA, Lloyd-Richardson EG, Rogers ML, Wing RR. Fast food consumption and breakfast skipping: predictors of weight gain from adolescence to adulthood in a nationally representative sample. The Journal of Adolescent Health. 2006; 39: 842–849.
 
16.
Keski-Rahkonen A, Kaprid J, Rissanen A, Virkkunen M, Rose RJ. Breakfast skipping and health-compromising behaviours in adolescents and adults. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2003; 57: 842–853.
 
17.
Timlin MT, Pereira MA, Story M, Newmork-Sztainer D. Breakfast eating and weight change in a 5-year prospective analysis of adolescents: project EAT (Eating among Teens). Pediatrics. 2008; 121: 638–645.
 
18.
Musaiger AO. Knowledge and attitudes of Bahraini adolescents toward obesity. J Consume Studies of Home Economics. 1991; 15: 321–325.
 
19.
Szajewska H, Ruszczynski M. Systematic review demonstrating that breakfast consumption influences body weight outcomes in children and adolescents in Europe. Critical Review in Food Science and Nutrition. 2010; 50: 113–119.
 
20.
Swinburn BA, Caterson I, Seidell JC, James WPT. Diet, nutrients and the prevention of excess weight gain and obesity. Public Health Nutrition. 2004; 7: 123–146.
 
21.
Musaiger AD, Hassan AS, Obeid O. The paradox of nutrition-related diseases in the Arab countries. Int J Enviorn Research and Public Health. 2011; 8: 3637–3671.
 
22.
Madanat HN, Brown RB, Hawks SR. The impact of body mass index and Western advertising and media on eating style, body image and nutrition transition among Jordanian women. Public Health Nutr. 2007; 70: 1039–1046.
 
23.
Musaiger AO. Overweight and obesity in Eastern Mediterranean Region: Prevalence and possible causes. Journal of Obesity 2011.
 
24.
Caroli M, Argentieri L, Cardome M, Masi A. Role of television in childhood obesity prevention, International Journal of Obesity. 2004; 28: 104–108.
 
25.
French SA, Story M, Jeffery RW. Environmental influences on eating and physical activity. Annual Review of Public Health. 2001; 22: 309–335.
 
26.
Katsounari I, Zeeni N. Preoccupation with weight and eating patterns of Lebanese and Cypriot female students. Psychology. 2012; 3: 507–512.
 
27.
Michels N, Sioen I, Bract C, Eiben G, Hebestreit A, Huybrechts I, Vanaclst B, Vyncke K, Henauw S. D. Stress, emotional eating behavior and dietary patterns in children. Appetite. 2012; 59: 762–769.
 
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966