RESEARCH PAPER
Child labour for the benefit of the family in rural Poland
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Public Health, Institute of Rural Health in Lublin, Poland
2
Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin, Poland
 
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2011;18(2):386–392
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Employing children to work in a family household or on a farm is a widespread phenomena in many countries worldwide. This paper presents the results of an investigation of the phenomenon of the involvement of children aged 11-14 years in work on family farms and in rural households in central and eastern Poland, a typical agricultural region. The data obtained are characterized by high reliability due to utilization of various research techniques: surveys and observations based on records of daily routines. Material collected by questionnaire survey is significant because of the relatively large group of respondents – 1,536 people, selected by stratified sampling. Records of the daily routines of 332 people randomly selected from the general sample of 1,536 people, were conducted over a total period of 2 months through all the seasons – 2 weeks in each season – provided reliable data. Analysis of the collected material allowed characterization of the phenomenon of children’s engagement in the work in a family household and on a farm belonging to their parents or relatives, and an indication of the life and health hazards of children involved in work for a benefit of the family.
 
REFERENCES (23)
1.
Cunningham H. Th e Employment and Unemployment of Children In England. Past and Present 1990;126:1680-1851.
 
2.
Th e End of Child Labour. Within Reach. Global Report under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights At Work. ILO, Geneva 2006.
 
3.
IPEC action against child labour 2002-2003: Progress and future priorities. ILO, Geneva 2004.
 
4.
Admassie A. Child labour and schooling in the context of a subsistence rural economy: can they be compatible. Intl J Develop 2003;23:167- 168.
 
5.
Cigno A, Rosati FC, Guarcello L. Does Globalization Increase Child Labour? World Development 2002;30:1579-1589.
 
6.
Child Labour in Turkey. State Institute of Statistics. Ankara 2001.
 
7.
Children’s Agricultural Injuries. NCCRAHS, Fact Sheet, 2008.
 
8.
Kim J, Zepeda L, Kantor, P. Child labour Supply on US family farms: An Interdisciplinary conceptualization. J Famil Econom Iss 2005;26(1):159- 73.
 
9.
Bhatty K. Educational Deprivation in India: A Survey of Field Investigation. Economic and Political Weekly 1998;33(27-28):1731- 40; 1858-69.
 
10.
Kim J, Zepeda L. Factors aff ecting children participations and amount of labor on family farms. J Safe Res 2004;35:391-401.
 
11.
Dyczewski L. Rodzina polska i kierunki jej przemian. (Polish family and directions of its transformations). Odess, Lublin 1981. (in Polish).
 
12.
Lachowski S, Lachowska B. Mental wellbeing of children engaged in agricultural work activities and quality of family environment. Ann Agric Envir Med 2007;14:115-21.
 
13.
Lachowski S. Engagement of children in agricultural work activities – scale and consequences of the phenomenon. Ann Agric Envir Med 2009;16:131-37.
 
14.
Lachowska B. Family Psychology in Poland: Main areas of interest and their changes. News Int Acad Family Psycho 2007;26:7-17.
 
15.
Yotopoulos PA, Kuroda M. A subjective equilibrium approach to the value of children in agricultural household. Pakis Devel Rev 1998;27(3):229-76.
 
16.
Ambadekar NN, Wahab SN, Zodpey SP, Khandait DW. Eff ect of child Labour on growth of children. Public Health 1999;113:303-6.
 
17.
Djeddah C, Facchin P, Ranzato C, Romer C. Child abuse: current problems and key public health challenges. Soc Sc Med 2000;51:905- 915.
 
18.
Davis S. Child Labor. In: Valdez A. (Ed.). Migrant Health Issues. National Center for Farmworker Health. Buda 2001:51-57.
 
19.
Solecki L, Bujak F (Eds.). Wypadki w rolnictwie – dynamika zmian w ostatniej dekadzie. (Accidents in agriculture – dynamics of changes within the last decade). IMW, Lublin 2007. (In Polish).
 
20.
Wypadki przy pracy i choroby zawodowe rolników oraz działania prewencyjne KRUS w 2003 roku (Occupational accidents and diseases among farmers and the preventive actions by the Agricultural Health Insurance Fund KRUS). KRUS, Warszawa 2004 (In Polish).
 
21.
Blair S L. Children’s participation in household labor: Child socialization versus the need for household labor. J Youth Adolesc 1992;2:241-58.
 
22.
Lachowski S, Bujak F, Zagórski J, Lachowska B. Postawy rodziców wobec angażowania dzieci do prac we własnym gospodarstwie rolnym. (Parents’ attitudes towards engagement of children in work on own farm). IMW, Lublin 2002. (In Polish).
 
23.
Lachowska B. Praca i rodzina – konfl ikt czy synergia. (Work and family – confl ict or synergy). Redakcja Wydawnictw KUL, Lublin (in print). (In Polish).
 
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966