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Assessment of dietary habits and nutritional status of depressive patients, depending on place of residence

Ewa Stefanska 1  ,  
Agata Szulc 3,  
Department of Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
Department of Medical Statistics and Informatics, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
Introduction and objectives:
An increased incidence of depressive disorders observed in recent years in the Polish and world population is a serious health problem. The aim of the study was to compare dietary habits and nutritional status of patients with recurrent depressive disorders, depending on their place of residence. Their impact on selected metabolic parameters was also considered.

Material and Methods:
The study group comprised 96 women and 84 men reporting to the Outpatient Mental Health Clinic at the Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Bialystok in north-eastern Poland. The average age of the women was 46.7±11.7 years, and of men 47.0±11.3 years. In the quantitative assessmentof diets, 24-hour food recall interviews were conducted. Assessment of the nutritional status of the respondents consisted of anthropometric measurements, body composition analysis and biochemical parameters.

It was show that the diets of female urban inhabitants were characterized by a significantly lower energy value and total fat content, compared to their rural counterparts. The food rations of men living in the city had a significantly higher energy value, protein content and total FAT, compared to rural residents. It was also noted that urban residents of both genders were characterized by a lower percentage of body fat, both visceral and subcutaneous (women), and a higher water content than rural residents.

The study showed dietary errors in all compared groups, regardless of place of residence, which was reflected in the nutritional status of the respondents. The results also indicated that during the declared change in dietary habits, the treatment of depressive patients should include dietary instructions in order to ensure an optimum supply of nutrients

Ewa Stefanska   
Department of Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
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