0.829
IF
20
MNiSW
166.26
ICV
Online first
RESEARCH PAPER
 
CC BY-NC-ND 3.0
 
 

Assessment of dietary habits and nutritional status of depressive patients, depending on place of residence

Ewa Stefanska 1  ,  
Agata Szulc 3,  
 
1
Department of Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
2
Department of Medical Statistics and Informatics, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
3
Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Introduction and objectives:
An increased incidence of depressive disorders observed in recent years in the Polish and world population is a serious health problem. The aim of the study was to compare dietary habits and nutritional status of patients with recurrent depressive disorders, depending on their place of residence. Their impact on selected metabolic parameters was also considered.

Material and Methods:
The study group comprised 96 women and 84 men reporting to the Outpatient Mental Health Clinic at the Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Bialystok in north-eastern Poland. The average age of the women was 46.7±11.7 years, and of men 47.0±11.3 years. In the quantitative assessmentof diets, 24-hour food recall interviews were conducted. Assessment of the nutritional status of the respondents consisted of anthropometric measurements, body composition analysis and biochemical parameters.

Results:
It was show that the diets of female urban inhabitants were characterized by a significantly lower energy value and total fat content, compared to their rural counterparts. The food rations of men living in the city had a significantly higher energy value, protein content and total FAT, compared to rural residents. It was also noted that urban residents of both genders were characterized by a lower percentage of body fat, both visceral and subcutaneous (women), and a higher water content than rural residents.

Conclusions:
The study showed dietary errors in all compared groups, regardless of place of residence, which was reflected in the nutritional status of the respondents. The results also indicated that during the declared change in dietary habits, the treatment of depressive patients should include dietary instructions in order to ensure an optimum supply of nutrients

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Ewa Stefanska   
Department of Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
 
REFERENCES:
1. Huot KL, Lutfiyya MN, Akers MF, Amaro ML, Swanoski MT, Schweiss SK. A population-based cross-sectional study of health service deficits among U.S. adults with depressive symptoms. BMC Health Serv Res. 2013; 13: 160 doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-13-160.
2. World Health Organization. Depression. http://www.who.int/mental_health/management/depression/definition/en/idex1.html (access: 2012 October).
3. O’Connor EA, Whitlock EP, Gaynes B, Beil TL. Screening for depression in adults and older adults in primary care: an updated systematic review. Evidence Synthesis No.75. AHRQ Publication No. 1–05143-EF-1. Rockville, Maryland Agency for Health Research and Quality, 2009.
4. Kim D. Blues from the Neighborhood? Neighborhood characteristics and depression. Epidemiol Rev. 2008; 30: 101–117.
5. Everson-Rose SA, Lewis TT, Karavolos K, Dugan SA, Wesley D, Powell LH. Depressive symptoms and increased visceral fat in middle-aged women. Psychosom Med. 2009; 71(4): 410–416.
6. Murabito JM, Massaro JM, Clifford B, Hoffmann U, Fox CS. Depressive symptoms are associated with visceral adiposity in a community-based sample of middle-aged women and men. Obesity. 2013; 21(8): 1713–1719.
7. Vogelzangs N, Seldenrijk A, Beekman TF, van Hout HPJ, de Jonge P, Penninx B. Cardiovascular disease in persons with depressive and anxiety disorders. J Affect Disord. 2010; 125: 241–248.
8. Dziemidok P, Makara-Studzińska M, Jarosz MJ.Diabetes and depression: a combination of civilization and life-style diseases is more than simple problem adding-literature review. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2011; 18(2): 318–322.
9. Heinz A, Deserno L, Reininghaus U. Urbanicity, social adversity and psychosis. World Psych. 2013; 12: 187–197.
10. Peen J, Schoevers RA, Beekman AT, Dekker J. The current status of urban-rural differences in psychiatric disorders. ActaPsychiatr Scan. 2010; 121: 84–93.
11. Ślusarz R, Borzyszkowska A, Szrajda J, Fidecki W, Haor B. Influence of selected socio-demographic factors on incidence of depressive disorders in women. Nursing Topics 2011; 19(1): 21–26.
12. World Health Organization. International statistical classification of diseases and health-related problems. 10th rev. Geneva, WHO, 1992.
13. Hamilton M. A rating scale for depression. J NeurolNeurosurg Psychiatry.1960; 23: 56–62.
14. Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M, Mock J, Erbaugh J. An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1961; 4(6): 561–571.
15. Alberti KG, Eckel RH, Grundy SM, Zimmet PZ, Cleeman JI, Donato KA, FruchartJCh, James WP, Loria CM, Smith SC. Harmonizing the metabolic syndrome: a joint interim statement of the international diabetes federation task force on epidemiology and prevention; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; American Heart Association; World Heart Federation; International Atherosclerosis Society; and International Association for the study of Obesity. Circulation.2009; 120: 1640–1645.
16. Perk J. European resolution on action to tackle cardiovascular diseases in clinical practice in 2012. Kardiol Pol. 2012; 70: S1-S100.
17. Szponar L, Wolnicka K, Rychlik E. A photograph album of products’ various portion sizes.Institute of Food and Nutrition, Warsaw, 2000.
18. Jarosz M (ed.). Revised dietary norms for the Polish population, Institute of Food and Nutrition, Warsaw 2012.
19. McKenzie K, Murray A, Booth T. Do urban environments increase the risk of anxiety, depression and psychosis? An epidemiological study. J Affect Disord. 2013; 150: 1019–1024.
20. Hidaka BH. Depression as adisease of modernity: Explanations for increasing prevalence. J Affect Disord. 2012; 140: 205–214.
21. Appelhans BM, Whited MC, Schneider KL, Ma Y, Oleski JL, Merriam PA, Waring ME, Olendzki BC, Mann DM, Ockene IS.Depression severity, diet quality, and physical activity in women with obesity and depression. J AcadNutr Diet. 2012; 112: 693–698.
22. Sanhueza C, Ryan L, Foxcroft DR. Diet and the risk of unipolar depression in adults: systematic review of cohort studies. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2013; 26(1): 56–70.
23. Ahmadi SM, Mohammadi MR, Mostafavi SA, Keshavarzi S, Joulaei H, Sarikhani Y, Peimani P, Heydari ST, Lankarani KB.Dependence of the geriatric depression on nutritional status and anthropometric indices in elderly population.Iran J Psychiatry. 2013; 8(2): 92–96.
24. Valentine RJ, McAuley E, Vieira VJ, Baynard T, Hu L, Evans E, Woods JA. Sex differences in the relationship between obesity, C-reactive protein, physical activity, depression, sleep quality and fatigue in older adults. Brain, Behav Immun. 2009; 23(5): 643–648.
25. Williams LJ, Pasco JA, Henry MJ, Jacka FN, Dodd S, Nicholson GC, Kotowicz MA, BerkM. Lifetime psychiatric disorders and body composition: A population-based study. J Affect Disord. 2009; 118(1–3): 173–179.
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966