Alcohol consumption in Polish middle and high school pupils – has this rapidly increased during 2009–11?
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Department of Hygiene, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medical Centre for Postgraduate Education, Warsaw, Poland
Chair and Department of Facility Management Organizations in Health Care, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
Department of Molecular Biology and Translational Research, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Department of Medical Biology and Translational Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Information Technology and Management, Rzeszów, Poland
Department of Mother and Child Health, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
Department of Informatics and Health Statistics, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
University School of Physical Education, Poznan, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2014;21(3):552–556
The dynamic rise of alcohol consumption in adolescents is a matter of serious concern, requiring frequently updated monitoring. By such means, it is possible to optimise preventative measures for dealing with this problem.

To estimate the magnitude/amount and frequency of alcohol consumed by middle and high school pupils in Poland, including the circumstances when alcohol was first drunk.

Material and Methods:
A randomised survey was performed throughout Poland on middle school (junior high school) pupils, (n=9360) in 2009, followed by both middle and high school pupils in 2011 (n=7971). The questionnaire was devised by the Polish Chief Sanitary Inspectorate (GIS).

A strikingly sharp increase in alcohol consumption (29%) was observed in subjects between 2009 – 2011. In the latter year, 1 month prior to survey, respectively, 50% and 71% of middle school and high school pupils drank alcohol, and correspondingly, 36% and 63% of these pupils ever became intoxicated/drunk.

1) Adolescent alcohol consumption increases with age and is highest in girls. Monitoring as well as in-depth analysis thus becomes necessary. 2) Systematic monitoring and analysis of changing healthy lifestyle behaviour should be used for taking the necessary corrective action. This should happen concurrently and consist of planned health education programmes, including health promotion.

Paulina Wojtyła-Buciora   
Department of Hygiene, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
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