Small mammals (Insectivora, Rodentia) as a potential source of chlamydial infectionin East Slovakia.
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Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, P. J. Šafarik University, Košice, Slovak Republic
Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Košice, Slovak Republic
Department of Parasitic and Infectious Diseases, University of Veterinary Medicine, Košice, Slovak Republic
Parasitological Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Košice, Slovak Republic
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Lýdia Cisláková   

Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, P. J. Safarik University, Srobarova 2, 041 80 Kosice, Slovak Republic
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2004;11(1):139-143
The presence of antibodies against Chlamydophila (Chlamydia) psittaci insmall mammals (Insectivora, Rodentia) in the region of East Slovakia are presented. The hosts were caught in several areas of Slovakia in habitats with different levels of anthropogenic disturbance. Research was carried out during 2000-2002. The authors examined 1,947 sera coming from 4 insectivore and 10 rodent species. Each serum was examined by micromethod of complement binding reactions using antigen Chlamydophila (Chlamydia) psittaci. Chlamydial infections were found in 251 individuals (prevalence 12.9 %) of 8 mammal species. The antichlamydial antibodies were proved at levels ranging from 1:32-1:1024. The highest prevalence of antibodies was detected in the most abundant rodent species Apodemus microps (14.8 %), Apodemus agrarius (13.9 %), Apodemus flavicolis (12.4 %), Microtus arvalis (12 %), and Clethrionomys glareolus (10.9 %). Positive hosts were registered in all studied localities. Testing of prevalence values in the individual research years confirmed significant changes. Our results showed that small mammals probably play an important role in the circulation of chlamydiae in nature.
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