RESEARCH PAPER
Relationship between eating patterns and emotional distress, and perceived quality of life in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome
 
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1
Student Scientific Association of Hygiene and Prevention, Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Medical University, Warsaw, Poland
 
2
Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Medical University, Warsaw, Poland
 
 
Corresponding author
Katarzyna Okręglicka   

Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Medical University of Warsaw, Oczki 3/213, 02-007 Warsaw, Poland
 
 
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction and objective:
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent endocrine disorder with numerous hormonal, metabolic, and reproductive manifestations. Because of the variety of adverse consequences associated with the condition, women with PCOS suffer emotional distress, resulting in reduced health-related quality of life. Similar to other chronic conditions, eating patterns have been shown effective in impacting the quality of life of PCOS patients. Therefore, lifestyle modifications are recommended as a first-line therapy for PCOS, before prescribing any pharmaceutical management of the PCOS. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between dietary patterns, emotional distress, and perceived quality of life in women with diagnosed PCOS.

Material and methods:
The cross-sectional study included 130 women with PCOS aged 18 – 60 years from the Polish population. The respondents were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire developed for the purpose of the study, inspired by the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire (PCOSQ), Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ-R18), and the Eating attitude questionnaire (Eat-26).

Results:
Respondents were found to experience emotional distress regardless of how healthy their diet. Nonetheless, the results showed that women who followed a healthier eating pattern had lower occurrence of experiencing mood swings, and less often felt triggered in the social context. The group did not show a tendency to over-eat, gain weight, or binge eating.

Conclusions:
Healthier eating habits, besides providing advantages in weight management, may mitigate symptoms of emotional distress and improve the quality of life in women with PCOS.

 
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