Preliminary information on prevention of infections caused by SARS-COV-2 virus in endoscopic laboratories
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Medical College of the University Institute of Health Sciences, Rzeszów, Poland
Department of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Hospital No. 2 im. Św. Jadwigi Królowej, Rzeszów, Poland
Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszów, Poland
Department of Gastroenterology with IBD Unit of Clinical Hospital No. 2 im. Św. Jadwigi Królowej, Rzeszów, Poland
Corresponding author
Jolanta Gruszecka   

Medical College of Rzeszow University Institute of Health Sciences, ul. Warzywna 1a, 35-310, Rzeszów, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2020;27(2):171-174
On 11 March 2020, the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) announced COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) as a global pandemic Currently, no vaccines are available and there is little evidence of the efficacy of potential therapeutic agents. Furthermore, there is presumably no pre-existing immunity in the population to the new coronavirus, and it is as-sumed that everyone in the population is susceptible.

The aim of the procedures described in the article is to minimize the risk of human-to-human transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome – coronavirus 2) virus during procedures carried out in endoscopic laboratories.

Brief description of the state of the art:
SARS-CoV-2 infection can be asymptomatic, cause severe pneumonia, or lead to death. Symptoms of COVID-19 range from none (asymptomatic) to severe pneumonia and it can be fatal. Case studies to-date indicate that this infection causes a mild illness (i.e. pneumonia or mild pneumonia) in approximately 80% of cases, and most cases recove; 14% have a more severe illness, 6% experience a critical illness. The vast majority of the most serious illnesses and deaths have occurred among the elderly and people with other chronic underlying diseases. Average progression times include: • in mild cases: from the onset of symptoms to recovery in almost 2 weeks; • in severe cases: from the onset of symptoms to recovery in 3–6 weeks, and from symptoms to death in 2–8 weeks.

Special precautions should be taken and procedures followed when performing invasive medical procedures in endoscopic laboratories in patients with specific or clinically probable SARS-CoV-2 infection. This article contains up-to-date information as at 04/04/2020.

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