Clinical relevance of Corylus pollen in Poznań, western Poland
More details
Hide details
Laboratory of Aeropalynology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland
Department of Dermatology, University of Medical Science, Poznań, Poland
Department of Dermatology and Venereology, University of Medical Science, Poznań, Poland
Research Group Aerobiology and Pollen Information, Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Medical University of Vienna, Austria
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2014;21(1):64-69
In Central Europe, hazel (Corylus sp.) pollen is considered to be an important aeroallergen in early spring.

This study examines hazel pollen levels in Poznań, western Poland, and the clinical relevance of this aeroallergen in the city.

Corylus pollen data (1996–2010) were obtained by volumetric spore trap located near the centre of Poznań. Clinical data (2006–2010), i.e. skin prick test (SPT) and allergen-specific IgE measurements (asIgE), were supplied by the Allergy Diseases Diagnostic Centre in Poznań.

Mean diurnal hazel pollen concentrations peaked around 14:00–16:00 when mean bi-hourly pollen concentrations were ~60 P m-3. Onset of the hazel pollen season varied up to 87 days annually, and was significantly (r=–0.647; p<0.01) related to mean maximum temperature during late December. SPT data revealed that ~11% of allergy patients had positive skin reactions to Corylus pollen allergens, and most of these (94.4%) reacted to pollen allergens from other members of the Betulaceae family – alder or birch. Of those sensitized, 53% suffered from atopic dermatitis. Of patients examined for serum asIgE, 26.0% had asIgE measurements in classes 5 and 6.

Hazel pollen has a detrimental effect on the allergic population of Poznań, with more than half of those sensitised to hazel pollen allergens showing symptoms of atopic dermatitis. Hazel pollen concentrations reach levels recognized as being able to induce allergy symptoms, especially in the afternoon and early evening when many people are returning home from work. The cross-reactivity with other members of the Fagales order also increases the allergenic potential of hazel pollen.

D’Amato G, Cecchi L, Bonini S et al. Allergenic pollen and pollen allergy in Europe. Allergy 2007; 62: 976–990.
Tan RA, Corren J. The Relationship of Rhinitis and Asthma, Sinusitis, Food Allergy, and Eczema. Immunol Allergy Clin. 2011; 31: 481–491.
Demoly P, Bousquet J. The relation between asthma and allergic rhinitis. Lancet 2006; 368: 711–713.
Żukiewicz-Sobczak W, Krasowska E, Zwoliński J, Sobczak P, Chmielewska-Badora J, Wróblewska P, Piątek J, Wojtyła A. Allergic diseases – current state of knowledge. Postep Derm Alergol 2012; XXIX, 6: 451–455.
Bershad SV. Atopic dermatitis (eczema). Ann Intern Med. 2011; 155: ITC51.
Samoliński B, Fronczak A, Kuna P et al. Prevenation and control of childhood asthma and allergy in the EU from the public health point of view: Polish Presidency of the European Union Allergy. 2012; 67: 726–731.
Świnoga M, Kłos M, Miniszewska J, Zalewska-Janowska A. Healthrelated quality of life in dermatological and allergo-dermatological patients. Post Dermatol Alergol 2012; XXIX, 2: 69–73.
Szynkiewicz E, Filanowicz M, Graczyk M, Cegła B, Jabłońska R, Napiórkowska-Baran K, Bartuzi Z. Analysis of the impact of selected socio-demographic factors on quality of life of asthma patients.Postep Derm Alergol 2013; XXX, 4: 218–225.
Ograczyk A, Malec J, Miniszewska J, Zalewska-Janowska A. Psychological aspects of atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis: stress coping strategies and stigmatization. Post Dermatol Alergol 2012; XXIX, 1: 14–18.
Swoboda I, Twaroch T, Valenta R, Grote M. Tree pollen allergens. In: Lockey RF, Ledford DK (eds). Allergens and allergen immunotherapy. Informa Healthcare, New York, USA 2008.p.550.
Chen Z-D, Manchester SR, Sun H-Y. Phylogeny and evolution of the Betulaceae as inferred from DNA sequences, morphology, and paleobotany. Am J Bot. 1999; 86: 1168–1181.
Myszkowska D, Jenner B, Puc M et al. Spatial variations in the dynamics of the Alnus and Corylus pollen seasons in Poland. Aerobiologia 2010; 26: 209–221.
Ipsen H, Schwartz B, Wihl J-Å et al. Immunotherapy with partially purified and standardized tree pollen extracts III. Specific IgE response to the major allergens of alder, birch and hazel pollen during immunotherapy. Allergy 2007; 43: 370–377.
Hauser M, Roulias A, Ferreira F, Egger M. Panallergens and their impact on the allergic patient. Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol. 2010; 6.
Andersson K, Ballmer-Weber BK, Cistero-Bahima A et al. Enhancement of hazelnut extract for IgE testing by recombinant allergen spiking. Allergy 2007; 62: 897–904.
Hirschwehr R, Valenta R, Ebner C et al. Identification of common allergenic structures in hazel pollen and hazelnuts: a possible explanation for sensitivity to hazelnuts in patients allergic to tree pollen. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 1992; 90: 927–936.
CSO. Area and population in the territorial profile in 2011. Statistical Information and Elaborations. Methodology, Standards and Registers Department. Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2011.
Gantner M. Aktualne problemy występujące w uprawach małoobszarowych na przykładzie leszczyny. Prog Plant Prot. 2010; 50: 1583–1591.
SOP. Agriculture in Wielkopolskie Voivodship in 2009. Statistical Information and Elaborations. Statistical Office, Poznań 2010.
Lorenc H. Atlas Klimatu Polski. Instytut Meteorologii i Gospodarki Wodnej, Warszawa 2005. 21. Hirst JM. An automatic volumetric spore trap. Ann Appl Biol. 1952; 39: 257–265.
Grewling Ł, Jackowiak B, Nowak M et al. Variations and trends of birch pollen seasons during 15 years (1996–2010) in relation to weather conditions in Poznań (western Poland). Grana 2012; 51: 280–292.
Rodríguez-Rajo FJ, Grewling Ł, Stach A, Smith M. Factors involved in the phenological mechanism of Alnus flowering in Central Europe. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2009; 16 277–284.
Nilsson S, Persson S. Tree pollen spectra in the Stockholm region (Sweden), 1973–1980. Grana 1981; 20: 179–182.
Czarnecka-Operacz M, Silny W. Diagnostic skin tests in allergic diseases. Post Dermatol Alergol. 2001; 18: 80–84.
Rapiejko P, Stankiewicz W, Szczygielski K, Jurkiewicz D. Threshold pollen necessary to evoke allergic symptoms. Otolaryngol Pol. 2007; 61: 591–594.
Peden D, Reed CE. Environmental and occupational allergies. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010; 125: S150-S160.
Emberlin J, Smith M, Close R, Adams-Groom B. Changes in the pollen seasons of the early flowering trees Alnus spp. and Corylus spp. in Worcester United Kingdom 1996–2005. Int J Biometeorol. 2007; 51: 181–191.
Dąbrowska A. The influence of weather conditions on the course of pollen season of alder (Alnus spp.), hazel (Corylus spp.) and birch (Betula spp.) in Lublin (2001–2006). Acta Agrobotanica 2008; 61: 53–57.
Longo LR, Sauli MP. Flowering phenology and airborne pollen occurrence of Corylus and Castanea in Trieste (Italy), 1991–2004. Acta Bot Croat. 2010; 69: 199–214.
Smith M, Emberlin J, Stach A et al. The regional importance of Alnus pollen as an aeroallergen: A comparative study of Alnus pollen counts from Worcester (UK) and Poznań (Poland). Ann Agric Environ Med. 2007; 123–128.
Corden J, Stach A, Millington W. A comparison of Betula pollen seasons at two European sites; Derby, United Kingdom and Poznan, Poland (1995–1999). Aerobiologia 2002; 18: 45–53.
Skjøth CA, Sommer J, Stach A et al. The long range transport of birch (Betula) pollen from Poland and Germany causes significant pre-season concentrations in Denmark. Clin Exp Allergy. 2007; 37: 1204–1212.
Skjøth CA, Smith M, Brandt J, Emberlin J. Are the birch trees in Southern England a source of Betula pollen for North London? Int J Biometeoro.l 2009; 53: 75–86.
Ziska LH, Caulfield FA. Rising CO2 and pollen production of common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia), a known allergy-inducing species: implications for public health. Aust J Plant Physiol. 2000; 27: 893–898.
Ziello C, Sparks TH, Estrella N et al. Changes to airborne pollen counts across Europe. PLoS ONE 2012; 7: e34076.
Çeter T, Pinar NM, Güney K et al. A 2-year aeropalynological survey of allergenic pollen in the atmosphere of Kastamonu, Turkey. Aerobiologia 2012; 28: 355–366.
Emberlin J, Savage M, Jones S. Annual variations in grass pollen seasons in London 1961–1990: trends and forecast models. Clin Exp Allergy. 1993; 23: 911–918.
Heinzerling LM, Burbach GJ, Edenharter G et al. GA2LEN skin test study I: GA²LEN harmonization of skin prick testing: novel sensitization patterns for inhalant allergens in Europe. Allergy 2009; 64: 1498–1506.
Hon KLE, Leung TF, Lam MCA et al. Which aeroallergens are associated with eczema severity? Clin Exp Dermatol. 2007; 32: 401–404.
Rosińska-Więckowicz A, Czarnecka-Operacz M. Disease extent and severity in patients with atopic dermatitis and food allergy. Post Dermatol Alergol. 2011; 5: 382–388.
Darsow U, Wollenberg A, Simon D et al. ETFAD/EADV eczema task force 2009 position paper on diagnosis and treatment of atopic dermatitis. J Eur Acad Dermat. 2010; 24: 317–328.
Hauser M, Asam C, Himly M et al. Bet v 1-like pollen allergens of multiple Fagales species can sensitize atopic individuals. Clin Exp Allergy. 2011; 41: 1804–1814.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top