Usage of perioperative anxiety neuromarker for improving the quality of life of a patient operated on for critical stenosis of the internal carotid artery

Mariusz Trystuła 1  ,  
Department of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Interventions, The John Paul II Hospital, Kraków, Poland
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland
Laboratory for Neurobiology of Action Programming, Institute of the Human Brain, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
Ann Agric Environ Med 2016;23(4):612–617
The aim of the study was to find a neuromarker of perioperative anxiety in a patient with critical carotid stenosis through the use of neuromarkers in Quantitative EEG (QEEG) and Event Related Potentials (ERPs). The indirect purpose of the research was evaluation of improvement in the patient’s quality of life.

Case study:
A 45-year-old woman was admitted to the Department of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Interventions at the John Paul II Hospital in Krakow, with the diagnosis of critical internal carotid stenosis (over 80%), confirmed by Doppler Ultrasound and Angio-CT examinations. Before hospitalization, the patient had not presented any symptoms of brain ischemia. It was found that severe anxiety on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) was worse before the surgery. After the operation, a reduction anxiety in occurred as well as an improvement in the majority of the dimensions of health. Therefore, her quality of life improved.

Significant changes were observed on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD). Modern neurotechnologies measures are necessary to capture all the changes in the symptoms of anxiety before and after the operation for a carotid stenosis. ERPs might be used to select patients with neuromarker of perioperative anxiety, and subsequently to serve in proper psychological care and minimalize the perioperative risk of complications.

Mariusz Trystuła   
Department of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Interventions, The John Paul II Hospital, Kraków, Poland
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