The influence of rural environment on body posture
More details
Hide details
Institute of Physiotherapy, University of Rzeszów, Poland
Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Regional Hospital No 2, Rzeszów, Poland
Justyna Drzał-Grabiec   

Institute of Physiotherapy, University of Rzeszów, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012;19(4):846–850
Looking for reasons for the diversification between the populations of rural and urban children has become very popular in Polish literature. The aim of the presented study is to compare body posture and, at the same time, susceptibility to bad postures in children living in rural and urban environments. The research was conducted in selected primary schools in the Podkarpackie region in southeastern Poland. The respondents consisted of 293 first grade pupils of attending primary schools, randomly chosen, whose parents gave written consent for the participation of their children in the study. 98 children came from a rural area, mainly from families maintained by farming, and 195 children living in a town. Each tested child was set 56 parameters describing body posture, using the photogrammetric method based on the projection moire effect. 20 parameters used for the analysis, among which there were statistical significant differences in the case of UL parameter that sets the lower angles of the scapulas, where p=0.029423, and the parameters describing the pelvis setting is KNM, where p=0.012519, and KSM, p=0.001710.
Bjornson Kristie F. Physical activity monitoring in children and youths. Pediatr Phys Ther. 2008; 20: 347-355.
McMillan A, Auman N, Collier D, et al. Frontal plane lower extremity biomechanics during walking in boys who are overweight versus healthy weight. Pediatr Phys Ther. 2009; 21:194-200.
Penha PJ, Joao SM, Casarotto RA, et al. Postural assessment of girls between 7 and 10 years of age. Clinisc (Sao Paulo) 2005; 60: 9-16.
Huk-Wieliczuk E, Wdowiak L. State of health of adolescents in eastern regions of Poland Podlasie Region child. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2006; 13: 39-43.
Pauline M, Selvam S, Swaminathan S, Vaz M. Body weight perception is associated with socio-economic status and current body weight in selected urban and rural South Indian school-going children. Public Health Nutr. 2012; 10:1-9.
Machado-Rodrigues AM, Coelho-E-Silva MJ, Mota J, Padez C, Ronque E, Cumming SP, Malina RM. Cardiorespiratory fitness, weight status and objectively measured sedentary behaviour and physical activity in rural and urban Portuguese adolescents. J Child Health Care. 2012; 22: 130-136.
Porto F, Gurgel JL, Russomano T, Farinatti Pde T. Moiré topography: characteristics and clinical application. Gait Posture. 2010; 32(3): 422-424.
Aroeira RM, Leal JS, de Melo Pertence AE. New method of scoliosis assessment: preliminary results using computerized photogrammetry. Spine 2011; 1;36(19): 1584-1591.
Zubari JA. Applications of computer-aided rastereography in spinal deformity detection. Image Vision Comput. 2002; 20: 319-324.
Iunes D, Cecílio M, Dozza M, Almeida P. Quantitative photogrammetric analysis of the Klapp method for treating idiopathic scoliosis. Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia 2010; 14(2):133-140.
Minguez M, Buendia M, Cibrian R, Salvador R, Laguia M, Martin A, Gomar F. Quantifier variables of the back surface deformity obtained with a noninvastive structured light method: evaluation of their usefulness in idiopathic scoliosis diagnosis. Eur Spine J. 2007; 16: 73-82.
Pazos V, Cheriet F, Song L, Labelle H, Dansereau J. Accuracy assessment of human trunk surface 3D reconstructions from an optical digitizing system. Med Biol Engon Comp. 2005; 43: 11-15.
Nowacka-Dobosz S. Urbanisation-induced changes in the somatic and motor development of schoolchildren. Phys Educ Sport. 2006; 50(1): 45-51.
Półtorak W. Biological development of urban and rural adolescents. Phys Educ Sport. 2005; 49:47-51.
Nissinen M. Trunk asymmetry and scoliosis. Anthropometric measurements in prepuberal school children. Acta Pediatr Scand. 1993; 78(5): 747-753.
Kluszczyński M. Częstość występowania wad postawy i asymetrii grzbietu w populacji dzieci wiejskich. Fizjoterapia Pol. 2007; 7: 71-79.
Śliwa W, Bugajski A, Czamara A. Analiza postawy ciała dzieci ze środowiska miejskiego i wiejskiego. Med Sport. 2005; 43: 13-15.
Górniak K. Rozwój biologiczny dzieci wiejskich z wadami postawy Studia i Monogra e nr 106. Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego Józefa Piłsudskiego. Warszawa, 2006.