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RESEARCH PAPER
 
CC BY-NC-ND 3.0
 
 

Gender, age, social disadvantage and quitting smoking in Argentina and Uruguay

Jan Krakowiak 3,  
Tomasz Saran 4,  
 
1
Department of Tobacco Control, Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
2
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
3
Department of Social Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
4
Department of Rehabilitation, Witold Chodźko Institute of Rural Health in Lublin, Poland
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Introduction:
Cessation of tobacco use has the potential to provide the greatest immediate benefits for tobacco control. Understanding the social determinants of smoking cessation is an essential requirement for increasing smoking cessation at the population level. The purpose of this study was to analyze the socio-economic dimensions associated with cessation success among adults in Argentina and Uruguay.

Material and Methods:
Data from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), a cross-sectional, population-based, nationally representative survey conducted in Argentina (n=5,383) and Uruguay (n=4,833) was utilized. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses with results being presented as odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals were applied to study differences among those respondents who sustained smoking abstinence (≥1 year) and those who continued smoking.

Results:
The GATS study revealed that social gradients in tobacco quitting exist in Argentina and Uruguay. Being aged 25–34, particularly men in Uruguay, women in Argentina, low educated men in Argentina and having a lower asset index were associated with reduced odds for quitting.

Conclusions:
Factors that are driving differences in smoking cessation between diverse social groups in Latin America countries need to be considered when implementing relevant interventions to ensure tobacco control strategies work effectively for all population segments.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Dorota Kaleta   
Department of Tobacco Control, Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
 
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