Does place of residence affect patient satisfaction with hospital health care?
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Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Ergonomics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland
Bogusława Karczewska   

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Bialystok, ul. Szpitalna 37, 15-295, Białystok, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2020;27(1):86–90
Introduction and objective:
Measuring the level of patient satisfaction is a useful tool in delivering quality care that is responsive to consumer preferences. Various socio-demographic factors might be considered as potential predictors of patient satisfaction. The aim of the study was to assess whether place of residence (rural/urban) affects patient satisfaction with hospital health care.

Material and methods:
Data were obtained using face-to-face questionnaire, administered in five large, urban hospitals in Podlaskie Province, north-eastern Poland, during 2014–2018. The study sample comprised of 1,624 participants (585 rural, 1039 urban) who assessed satisfaction with 28 hospital health care items. The means and standard deviations were presented to compare 28 satisfaction items between the rural and the urban samples. Regression analysis was used to determine whether location difference (rural vs urban) affected patient satisfaction with various domains of hospital health care.

The mean results of 28 satisfaction items on the 1–5 scale were similar among the rural and the urban samples, and generally skewed towards positive experiences. In the univariate analysis, significant associations between place of residence and patient satisfaction were identified with regard to three components of inpatient care: 1) hospital settings and staff care, 2) doctors’ professional skills, and 3) hospitalization outcomes. After adjusting for socio-demographic variables, the association remained significant only with respect to satisfaction with hospitalization outcomes (b = 0.121; SE = 0.055; p = 0.028).

Some evidence for differences in patient satisfaction by place of residence was found. Study findings may be helpful in implementing care quality improvement programmes.

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