Causes of accidents at work in the opinions of public sector forestry employees in Poland
More details
Hide details
University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin, Poland
Department of Medical Anthropology, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Anna Pecyna   

Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2020;27(1):6–14
The aim of the study was recognition of opinions of forestry employees concerning causes of accidents in forestry, and evaluation of which of the selected demographic characteristics of forestry employees are associated with their opinions concerning causes of occupational accidents. An attempt was also undertaken to answer the question whether there is any relationship between the opinions of forestry employees pertaining to the causes of accidents at work, and observance of the OSH principles concerning the use of protection measures.

Material and methods:
The survey included 135 forestry employees and conducted by using an author-constructed questionnaire containing items which primarily concerning the causes of accidents at work and the protection measures applied. The opinions of forestry employees pertaining to the causes of accidents were analyzed according to independent variables, such as: workplace, period of employment, age, education level, and an index of the level of the respondents’ concern about OSH (index of the use of personal protection measures by the respondents). The significance of differences between the subgroups selected according to the above-mentioned variables was assessed using the chi-square test.

Forestry employees most frequently indicated such causes of accidents as the lack of e use of protection equipment (63.7%), bravado and neglecting hazards (63%), as well as entering or staying in a danger zone during tree felling (56.3%). Nearly a half of the respondents (48.1%) mentioned as the cause of accidents the improper and self-willed behaviour of an employee. The respondents additionally mentioned being taken by surprise by an unexpected event (40%), and the inadequate state of machinery, equipment, and vehicles (36.3%).

Based on the results of the study concerning the causes of accidents in forestry, it was found that the examined forestry employees show high awareness and knowledge concerning the causes of occupational accidents in forestry. The greatest differences in the way of perceiving the causes of accidents and hazards were observed according to the respondents’ period of employment and age. In addition, a relationship was observed between indication by the respondents of specified causes of accidents, and the scope of their use of protection measures.

The article continues the presentation of results which have been published previously in more detail of a study conducted by the University of Natural Sciences, Institute of Rural Health, and Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin, Poland [Pecyna A, Buczaj A, Lachowski S, Choina P, Goździewska M, Galińska EM. Occupational hazards in opinions of forestry employees in Poland. Ann Agric Environ Med. doi: 10.26444/aaem/106246].
Pecyna A, Buczaj A, Lachowski S, Choina P, Goździewska M, Galińska EM. Occupational hazards in opinions of forestry employees in Poland. Ann Agric Environ Med. doi: 10.26444/aaem/106246.
Fibiger W. Ochrona zdrowia pracowników leśnictwa. Warszawa 1976, PZWL. (in Polish).
Fibiger W, Jasnos P, Kanecka M, Walicki R. Analiza ciężkich wypadków przy pracy w lesie. Pr Inst Bad Leśn. 1973; 440: 3−23. (in Polish).
Jabłoński K. Analiza wypadkowości w leśnictwie w latach 1990−1994 na przykładzie Regionalnej Dyrekcji Lasów Państwowych w Poznaniu. Zastos Ergon. 1996; (2−3): 131−138. (in Polish).
Józefaciuk J. Nauka o pracy i ochrona pracy w leśnictwie. Warszawa 1970, Wyd. SGGW. (in Polish).
Kubiak M. Struktura wypadków przy pracy w gospodarstwie leśnym i dynamika ich wzrostu. Sylwan 1985; 129(12): 13−21. (in Polish).
Muszyński Z. Ergonomia a wypadkowość w leśnictwie. Zastos Ergon. 1996; (2−3): 125−129. (in Polish).
Olszewski A. Aktualne tendencje w statystyce wypadków przy pracach leśnych. Głos Lasu 1998; (1): 30−31. (in Polish).
Grzywiński W, Sawa L, Nowik A, Nowicki G. Struktura wypadków przy pracy w Regionalnej Dyrekcji Lasów Państwowych w Szczecinku w latach 1990−2009. Sylwan 2013; 157(6): 403−411. (in Polish).
Nowacka WŁ, Moskalik T. Negatywne skutki pracy w leśnictwie ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem pozyskiwania drewna. Forestry Letters 2013; (105): 85–93. (in Polish).
Burzyńska-Jędrzejczak G, Kaźmierczak K. Struktura wypadków przy pozyskaniu drewna w regionalnych dyrekcjach Lasów Państwowych w latach 2011–2015. Acta Sci. Pol. Silv. Colendar. Ratio Ind. Lignar. 2017; 16(3): 177–187. (in Polish).
Grzywiński W, Kapelan A, Wiekiera J. Analysis of accident rate in the Regional Directorate of the State Forests in Poznań in the years 1995−2007. In: Sowa JM, Barszcz A, Szewczyk G (ed.). Technology and ergonomics in the service of modern forestry. Kraków, 2011. Wyd. UR, pp. 55−71.
Burzyńska-Jędrzejczak G, Kaźmierczak K. Wypadkowość w regionalnych dyrekcjach Lasów Państwowych w latach 2006–2015. Przegląd leśniczy 2017; (4): 7–9.
Rocznik statystyczny leśnictwa 2018. Główny Urząd Statystyczny, Warszawa 2018. ISSN 2657–3199. (access: 27.03.2019).
Kancelaria Sejmu, Biuro Komisji Sejmowych. Biuletyn z 22 posiedzenia Rady Ochrony Pracy (X kad.) w dniu 22 maja 2017 r., pp. 9–12, 23 (access: 10.06.2019), (in Polish).
Ghaffariyan MR. Analysis of forestry work accidents in five Australian forest companies for the period 2004 to 2014 Journal of Forest Science 2016; 62(12): 545–552 doi: 10.17221/80/2016-JFS.
Gellerstedt S. Ergonomic guidelines for forest machines. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 2000; (44): 477–480.
Synwoldt U, Gellerstedt S. Ergonomic initiatives for machine operators by the Swedish logging industry. Appl Ergon. 2003; (34): 149–156.
Nowacki K, Łakomy K, Lis T. Staż pracy a kultura bezpieczeństwa. (access: 10.06.2019), (in Polish).
Monitoring Rynku Pracy – Informacja o rynku pracy w czwartym kwartale 2018 roku. (access: 27.03.2019), (in Polish).
Laschi A, Marchi E, Foderi C, Neri F. Identifying causes, dynamics and consequences of work accidents in forest operations in an alpine context. Safety Science 2016; (89): 28–35, (access: 10.06.2019).
Holcroft C, Punnett L. Work environment risk factors for injuries in wood processing. J Saf Res. 2009; (40): 247–255.
Gallis C. Work-related prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among Greek forest workers. Int J Indust Ergon. 2006; (36): 731–736.
Melemez K. Risk factor analysis of fatal forest harvesting accidents: A case study in Turkey. Safety Science. 2015; (79): 369–378.
Neely G, Wilhelmson E. Self-reported incidents, accidents, and use of protective gear among small-scale forestry workers in Sweden. Saf Sci. 2006; (44): 723–732.
Yoshimura T, Acar H. Occupational safety and health conditions of forestry workers in Turkey. J Forest Res 2004; 9(3): 225–232. DOI: 10.1007/s10310-004-0078-y.
Enez K, Topbas M, Acar H. An evaluation of the occupational accidents among logging workers within the boundaries of Trabzon Forestry Directorate, Turkey. Int J Industrial Ergon. 2014; 44(5): 621–628,
Gedik T, Korkut DS. A research on work accidents in forest products industry in Duzce. Int J Physical Sci. 2011; 6(30): 7065–7072. DOI: 10.5897/IJPS11.1007.