Knowledge on neoplastic diseases among young rural inhabitants
More details
Hide details
Institute of Healthcare, Bronisław Markiewicz State School of Technology and Economics, Jarosław, Poland
Department of Clinical Endoscopy, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Corresponding author
Anna Lewandowska   

Institute of Healthcare, Bronisław Markiewicz State School of Technology and Economics, Jarosław, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017;24(3):496-501
The objective of the study was to analyze the level of knowledge on tumours and their prevention among rural inhabitants.

Material and Methods:
The research involved 500 residents of villages in Podkarpackie Province in south-east Poland. The age of the researched ranges from 18–30 years; mean age – 26.96±0.84 (range [18, 30], median 25.95%CI [18, 9, 29, 01]). The researched group was represented in 47.59% by women in 52.41% by men. In order to obtain the research material, a standardized questionnaire was applied which included questions focused mainly on assessment of the level of knowledge on tumours (causes, symptoms, ways of treatment, prevention), as well as questions with both spontaneous and prompted answers.

34.72% of respondents confirmed the occurrence of tumours in their family; the most frequently occurring was a lung tumour (9.4%). While assessing the degree of relationship it was proved that among parents’ of the respondents, neoplastic disease had occurred in 3.22% of cases, and in 22.36% of cases it affected grandparents. In self-assessment, a low level of knowledge was indicated by 35.35% of respondents: average by 30.45%, hard to determine by 32%, while 2.18% stated that their level of knowledge was high. The most frequently enumerated risk factors were: smoking (36.61%), improper diet (15.03%), and improper lifestyle (9.83%). UV radiation was a risk factor for 16.18%; however, a solarium only for 1.93% of respondents. For 37.94%, a medical examination was a diagnostic method in neoplastic disease.

According to self-assessment, every third respondent stated having a low or average level of knowledge. The most frequently used source of knowledge was the Internet, and much more rarely a doctor or a nurse. Very few of the respondents could enumerate the tests applied in the early detection of neoplastic diseases.

Chybicka A. Progress in diagnostics and cancer treatment in children. Family Medicine & Primary Care Review. 2004; 6(1): 309–315.
Chybicka A, Kazanowska B. The most frequent diagnostic errors in children hematology and oncology. Family Medicine & Primary Care Review 2003; 5(3): 347–355.
Florek-Łuszczki M. Level of knowledge of breast cancer risk factors and prophylactic principles among female rural inhabitants. Medycyna Ogólna 2010; 16(XLV), 3: 406–415.
Lewandowska A. Children from families with cancer. Polish Oncology 2007; 10(4): 169–172.
World Health Organization Regional Office For Europe: Social inequalities in health in Poland. World Health Organization, Denmark 2011; 97–98.
Lewandowska A. The children’s knowledge about tumours. Polish Oncology 2007; 10(4): 173–177.
Kornafel J (ed.). Cervical tumours. Warszawa: Centrum Medyczne Kształcenia Podyplomowego, 2011.
Khan K, Curtis CR, Ekwueme DU, Stokley S, Walker C, Roland K, Benard V, Saraiya M. Preventing Cervical Cancer. Cancer 2008; 113(10 suppl): 3004–12.
Bożek J. Tumours of childhood. Warszawa: PZWL, 1989.
Chybicka A. Nourishment, physical activity and cancer in children. Medical News 2003; 72(4): 327–329.
Wydro D. Early detection of a cancer is a chance. accessed:
Adamowicz K, Zaucha JM, Majkowicz M. Assessment of knowledge on cancer prevention of patients from Breast Diseases Prevention Clinic. Journal of Oncology 2011; 61(5): 449–456.
Jokiel M, Bielska-Lasota M, Kraszewska E. Knowledge and health behaviours of women regarding breast cancer prevention in 1998–2002. Przegląd Epidemiologiczny 2003; 57: 521–30.
Andruszkiewicz A, Banaszkiewicz M (ed.). Health promotion for students of bachelor’s degree in nursing. In: Teoretyczne podstawy promocji zdrowia, vol 1, Lublin: Wydawnictwo Czelej, 2008, p. 70–71.
Gotlib J, Rebandel H. Preliminary evaluation of the perception of pro-health attitudes of medical staff and their own health behaviours in perception of the students of the Medical University of Warsaw. Pielęgniarstwo XXI wieku 2009; 3(28): 38.
Denys A, Fiedotow M. Health culture among students. Part I. Lifestyle. Acta Clinica et Morphologica. 2005; 5.
Lewko J, Politynska-Lewko B, Sierakowska M, Krajewska-Kułak E. Health behaviours among students of nursing. Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, Lublin–Polonia, vol. LX, suppl. XVI, 283, SECTIO D: 2005.
Porębiak MI. Facts and myths on neoplastic diseases. Psychoonkologia 2008; 2: 52–57.
Godlewski D, Wojtyś P, Bury P. Vitamin C and malignant tumours. Review paper. Współczesna Onkologia 1999; 3(5): 183–187.
Cieślik E, et al. Youth’s level of knowledge on diseases caused by improper diet. Bromat Chem Toksykol. 2004; Suppl.: 23–29.
Pyd M, Lachowicz M, Chodynicki S. Knowledge on neoplastic disease among secondary schools’ students. Otolaryngologia Polska 2000; LIV(Suppl. 31): 301–304.
Milner JA. Diet and Cancer: Facts and Controversies. Nutr Cancer 2006; 56: 216–224.
Doll R, Peto R. The Causes of Cancer: Quantitative Estimates of Avoidable Risk of Cancer in the United States Today. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1981; 66: 1191–1308.
Dziubak M, Dziedzic M, Mierzwa A. Knowledge of secondary school students on lifestyle’s influence on cardiovascular and neoplastic diseases and their health behaviours. Przegląd Medyczny Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego i Narodowego Instytutu Leków w Warszawie, Rzeszów 2011; 2: 224–238.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top