REVIEW PAPER
Spotted fever group rickettsiae transmitted by Dermacentor ticks and determinants of their spread in Europe
 
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1
Chair and Department of Biology and Parasitology, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
2
Department of Basic Nursing and Medical Teaching, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
3
Department of Health Promotion and Treatment of Obesity, Medical University of Silesia, Wrocław, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Alicja Buczek   

Medical University, Chair and Department of Biology and Parasitology, ul. Radziwiłłowska 11, 20-080, Lublin, Poland
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Rickettsiae from the spotted fever group, i.e. the etiological agents of tick-borne lymphadenopathy/Dermacentor-borne necrotic erythema and lymphadenopathy (TIBOLA /DEBONEL) syndrome, are associated with ticks, including Dermacentor marginatus and Dermacentor reticulatus. The expansion of these ticks into new areas increases the risk of infection of their hosts with tick-borne pathogens. The study summarises the importance of 2 species from the genus Dermacentor, i.e. D. marginatus and D. reticulatus, in the spread of spotted fever group rickettsiae in various regions of Europe. The study also focuses on the determinants of the presence of vectors and transmission of rickettsiae, as well as the effects of human infections with these pathogens. The climate changes observed nowadays affect vectors and increase the incidence and spread of tick-borne diseases worldwide. Due to the existing risk of exposure to an increasing number of people, knowledge about the course of these serious diseases and their etiological factors should be disseminated among healthcare professionals as well as in society. There is a great challenge for epidemiological services to provide access to medical and veterinary facilities in order to diagnose and treat rickettsioses. Therefore, the development of a strategy for tick control and the popularisation of knowledge concerning prophylaxis of tick-borne diseases is indispensable.
 
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