0.829
IF
20
MNiSW
166.26
ICV
BRIEF COMMUNICATION
 
 

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum in red deer from Central Italy

 
1
Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie, Università di Pisa
2
D.R.E.Am. Italia Soc. Coop. Agr. For. Via Garibaldi 3 – 52015 Pratovecchio (AR)
3
D.R.E.Am. Italia Soc. Coop. Agr.
Ann Agric Environ Med 2016;23(4):699–701
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
[i]Neospora caninum [/i]and [i]Toxoplasma gondii[/i] are cosmopolite protozoan parasites impacting on human and animal health. In particular, [i]T. gondii[/i] commonly infects human beings and all warm-blooded animals, while [i]N. caninum [/i]is responsible for bovine abortion and neuromuscular disease in dogs. The aim of the presented survey was to evaluate the occurrence and prevalence of these parasites in the most numerous Italian red deer population. The sera of 60 red deer ([i]Cervus elaphus[/i]) inhabiting Central Italy (43°56’N 10°55’E) and killed by selective hunting were examined using an indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) for both [i]N. caninum [/i]and [i]T. gondii[/i] antibodies. White blood cells (buffy coat) were also checked by PCR and [i]T. gondi[/i]i DNA was genotyped. Thirteen out of 60 sera (22%) scored positive for Toxoplasma, 17 samples (28%) were Neospora positive. Coinfection was recorded in 5 cases (8%). [i]T. gondii [/i](genotype II) and[i] N. caninum[/i] DNA was detected in one and 3 samples of buffy coat, respectively. The presented study is the first to examine the occurrence of these parasites in the most numerous red deer Italian population, confirming this animal species as carrier of the investigated pathogens. These animals spread near human settlements, co-inhabiting with final hosts of [i]T. gondii[/i] and [i]N. caninum[/i] and could contribute to their transmission to domestic ruminants and humans. In particular, the seroprevalence value for [i]N. caninum[/i] was the highest among European records.
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966