Seasonal activity of millipedes (Diplopoda) – their economic and medical significance
More details
Hide details
Chair and Department of Biology and Parasitology, Medical University, Lublin Poland
Department of Water and Soil Safety, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2012;19(4):646–650
The millipede Brachydesmus superus Latzel, Polydesmus inconstans Latzel (Diplopoda: Polydesmida) and Kryphioiulus occultus C. L. Koch (Diplopoda: Julida) were collected from compost in gardens in Lublin, eastern Poland. Collections were made by using pitfall traps between April – September 2009 and 2010. Brachydesmus superus, Polydesmus inconstans and Kryphioiulus occultus play a significant role in composting of plant residues. Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus Wood and Ommatoiulus sabulosus Linnaeus (Diplopoda: Julida) were collected manually in 2009-2011 in fallows and ruderals of Lublin and Kraków. C. caeruleocinctus and O. sabulosus caused considerable nuisance during mass occurrence and migration in human residences. The sex ratio has been determined for populations of C. caeruleocinctus, total sex ratio average 1:1.46. The number of females prevailed. Millipedes of the temperate climate have two peaks in the spring and autumn pattern of activity of the year. Both common species C. caeruleocinctus and O. sabulosus were analysed bacteriologically. The millipede Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus transmits Citrobacter freundii, Pantoea agglomerans, Serratia marcescens, Raoultella planticola, Salmonella arizonae. The millipede Ommatoiulus sabulosus transmits Citrobacter freundii, Pantoea agglomerans, Raoultella planticola and Xanthomonas maltophila.
Sierwald P, Bond JE. Current Status of the Myriapod Class Diplopoda (Millipedes): Taxonomic Diversity and Phylogeny. Ann Rev Entomol. 2007; 52: 401-420.
Betrand M, Lumaret JP. The role of Diplopoda litter grazing activity on recycling processes in a Mediterranean climate. Vegetatio 1992; 99-100: 289-297.
Ashwini KM, Sridhar KR. Towards organic farming with millipede Arthrosphaera magna. Current Sci. 2002; 82: 20-22.
Alagesan P, Ganga G. Millipedes as potential pests of tuber crops. Indian J Exp Biol. 1989; 27: 177-179.
Baker AN. Some aspects of the economic importance of millipedes. Sym Zool Soc Lond. 1974; 32: 621-628.
Biernaux J. Incidence economique des Jules en culture betteraviere. Mededelingen van de Rijksfaculteit Landbouwwetenschappen te Gent. 1966; 31: 717-729.
Demange JM. Contribution to knowledge of the myriapods of Senegal. Diplopoda and Chilopoda injurious to crops. Bull. Mus. D’Histoire Naturelle A. Zoologie. 1982; 4: 445-453.
Pierrard G, Biernaux J. Note a propos des Diplopodes nuisibles aux cultures temperees et tropicales. Sym Zool Soc Lond. 1974; 32: 629-643.
Niezgodziński P. Dwuparce (Diplopoda) występujące masowo w ostatnich latach w okolicach Wrocławia. Prz Zool. 1976; 4: 432-437.
Nascimento B, Sermann H, Bűttner C. Zum Au reten und zur Entwicklung von Spinotarsus caboverdus Pierrard (1987) (Diplopoda: Odontopygidae) auf den Kapverden. P anzenschutzberichte. 2005; 61: 43-52.
Allen J, Filotas M. Millipedes attacking sweet potatoes and carrots in Ontario – the latest info. Part 1: tracking millipede populations in the field. 2008a; (access: 12.02.2012).
Allen J, Filotas M. Millipedes attacking sweet potatoes and carrots in Ontario – the latest info. Part 2: identifying pest millipedes and the damage they do 2008b; (access: 12.02.2012).
Kania G. Znaczenie gospodarcze krocionogów Diplopoda (The economic significance of millipedes). In: Fauna Miast Ochronić różnorodność biotyczną w miastach. Indykiewicz P, Jerzak L, Barczak T. (Eds.) SAR ,,Pomorze”, Bydgoszcz. 2008; 611-617 (in Polish).
Kania G. The economic and medical significance of millipedes (Diplopoda) with emphasis on Ommatoiulus sabulosus. Contributions to Soil Zoology in Central Europe III. Tajovsky K, Schlagamersky J, Pizl V. (Eds.) Ceske Budejovice, 2009; 73-77.
Bielak T. Synantropijna fauna krocionogów (Diplopoda) Lublina. Ann Univ Mariae Curie-Sklodowska Sect. C. Biol. 1964; 19: 119-133.
Rantala M. Hibernating Myriapoda in compost in Tampere (Finland) (Diplopoda; Chilopoda; Symphyla). In: Ellis WN, Jeekel CAW, Pieters FFJM. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 6th International Congress of Myriapodology. Amsterdam, 12-17 April 1984. Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 1985; 55: 171-176.
Kania G. Millipedes (Diplopoda) recorded in the town of Lublin (Poland). Urban Fauna. Studies of animal biology, ecology and conservation in European cities. Indykiewicz P, Jerzak L, Böhner J, Kavanagh B (Eds.) UPT Bydgoszcz. 2011; 91-99.
Ashwini KM, Sridhar KR. Breakdown of plantation residues by pill millipedes (Arthrosphaera magna) and assessment of compost quality. Current Science. 2006; 90: 954-959.
Karthigeyan M, Alagesan P. Millipede composting: a novel method for organic waste recycling. Rec Res Sci Tech. 2011; 3(9): 62-67.
Samšinak K. Űber einige in Häusern lästige Arthropodenarten. Anz. Schadlingskde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz. 1981; 54: 120-122.
Voigtländer K. Mass occurrences and swarming behaviour of millipedes (Diplopoda: Julidae) in Eastern Germany. Peckiana 2005; 4: 181-187.
Kania G, Tracz H. Mass occurrence and migration of Ommatoiulus sabulosus Linnaeus, 1758) (Diplopoda, Julida: Julidae) in Poland. Peckiana 2005; 4: 57-66.
Kania G. Masowy pojaw krocionogów w Krakowie (Mass migration of millipedes in Kraków, Poland) – Ekspertyza naukowa 2010; 1-20 (in Polish).
Fontanetti CS, Calligaris IB, Souza TS. A millipede infestation of an urban area of the city of Campinas, Brazil and preliminary toxicity studies of insecticide bendiocarb to the Urostreptus atrobrunneus Pierozzi & Fontanetti, 2006. Arq Inst Biol. 2010; 77: 165-166.
Stojałowska W. Krocionogi (Diplopoda) Polski. PWN, Warszawa, 1961; 216.
Blower GJ. Millipedes: Keys and notes for the identification of the species. Kermack DM, Barnes RSK, Brill EJ, Buckhuys W. (Eds.) Synopses of the British fauna 1985; 35: 242.
Voigtländer K. Diplopoden und Chilopoden von Trockenstandorten im Hallenser Raum(Ostdeutschland). Hercynia NF. Halle 1996; 30: 109-126.
Korsos Z. Abundance and seasonal activity of millipedes in a dolomitic grassland community (Diplopoda). Ann Hist-Natur Musei Nat Hung. 1991; 83: 239-244.
Jędryczkowski WB. Synanthropisation of the Diplopoda fauna of Poland. In: Geo roy JJ, Mauries JP, Nguyen Duy-Jacquemin M. (Eds.) Acta Myriapodologica Mem Mus Nat Hist Natur. 1996; 169: 209-212.
Dziadosz C. Materiały do znajomości rozmieszczenia krocionogów (Diplopoda) w Polsce. Fragmenta Faunistica 1966; 13: 1-31.
Stojałowska W. Materiały do poznania krocionogów (Diplopoda) Wyżyny Lubelskiej. Folia Soc Sci. Lublin 1968; B 7/8: 83-93.
Jędryczkowski WB. The distribution and ecology of the millipedes in Poland. Ber.nat-med. Verein Innsbruck 1992; Suppl. 10; 385-391.
Korsos Z, Hornung E, Szlavecz K, Kontschan J. Isopoda and Diplopoda of urban habitats: new data to the fauna of Budapest. Ann Hist- Natur Musei Nat Hung. 2002; 94: 193-208.
Tuf IH, Tufova J. Proposal of ecological classification of centipede, millipede and terrestrial isopod faunas for evaluation of habitat quality in Czech Republic. Cas Slez Muz Opava (A). 2008; 7: 37-44.
Giurginca A. On some Oniscidea and Diplopoda from Bucharest, Romania. Arch Biol Belgrade. 2006; 58: 31-35.
Berg MP, Hemerik L. Secondary succession of terrestrial isopods, centipede and millipede communities in grasslands under restoration. Biol Fertil Soils. 2004; 40: 163-170.
Voigtländer K. Preference of common central European millipedes for different biotope types (Myriapoda, Diplopoda) in Saxony-Anhalt (Germany). Intern J Myriapodology 2011; 6: 61-83.
Kime RD. The Belgian Millipede Fauna (Diplopoda). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Entomologie 2004; 74: 35-68.
Stojałowska W, Staręga W. Krocionogi Diplopoda. Katalog Fauny Polski. PWN Warszawa. 1974; 1-71.
Mock A. First record of Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus (Diplopoda, Julidae) in Slovakia. Biologia. 2006; 61/2: 144.
Voigtländer K, Düker Ch. Distribution and species grouping of millipedes (Myriapoda, Diplopoda) in dry biotopes in Saxony-Anhalt/Eastern Germany. Eur J Soil Biol. 2001; 37: 325-328.
Lehtinen PT, Terhivuo J. Notes and records of five garden millipedes (Diplopoda, Julida) in Finnland. Memoranda Soc. Fauna Flora Fennica. 1996; 72: 6-12.
Tajovsky K. Millipede succession in abandoned fields. Fragm Faun. 2000; 43: 361-370.
Riedel P, Navratil M, Tuf IH, Tufova J. Terrestrial isopods (Isopoda:Oniscidea) and millipedes (Diplopoda) of the city of Olomouc (Czech Republic). Contributions to Soil Zoology in Central Europe III. Tajovsky K, Schlagamersky J, Pizl V.(Eds.) Ceske Budejovice. 2009; 125-132.
Alagesan P, Ashokkumar B, Muthukrishnan J, Gunasekaran P. Isolation and characterization of gut bacteria of millipede, Xenobolus carnifex (Fabricius). Indian J Microbiol. 2003; 43: 111-113.
Dervisoglu E, Yumuk Z, Yegenaga I. Citrobacter freundii peritonitis and tunnel infection in a patient on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. J Med Microbiol. 2008; 57: 125-127.
Badger JL, Stins MF, Kim KS. Citrobacter freundii invades and replicates in human brain microvascular endothelial cells. Infect Immunity. 1999; 67: 4208-4215.
Byzov BA. Intestinal microbiota of millipedes. In: Soil Biology Vol.6 Intestinal microorganisms of termites and other Invertebrates. Konig H, Varma A. (Eds.) Springer – Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg. 2006; 90-114.
Jarosz J, Kania G. The question of whether gut microflora of the millipede Ommatoiulus sabulosus could function as a threshold to food infections. Pedobiologia 2000; 44: 705-708.
Habsah H, Zeehaida M, Van Rostenberghe H, Noraida R, Van Pauzi WI, et al. An outbreak of Pantoea spp. in a neonatal intensive care unit secondary to contaminated parenteral nutrition. J Hosp Infect. 2005; 61: 213-218.
Cruz AT, Cazacu AC, Allen CH. Pantoea agglomerans, a plant pathogen causing human disease. J Clin Microbiol. 2007; 45: 1989-1992.
Bergman KA, Arends JP, Scholvinck EH. Pantoea agglomerans septicemia in three newborn infants. Pediatric Infect Dis J. 2007; 26: 453-454.
Jarvis WR, Martone WJ. Predominant pathogens in hospital infections. J Antimicrob Chemother. 1992; 29: Suppl. A, 19-24.
Hejazi A, Falkiner FR. Serratia marcescens. J Med Microbiol. 1997; 46: 903-912.
Johnson JS, Croall J, Power JSF, Armstrong GR. Fatal Serratia marcescens meningitis and myocarditis in a patient with an indwelling urinary catheter. J Clin Pathol. 1998; 51: 789-790.
Farmer JJ. 3rd, Davis BR, Hickman FW. Detection of Serratia outbreaks in hospital. Lancet 1976; 2: 455-459.
Fleisch F, Zimmermann-Baer U, Zbinden R, Bischo G, Arlettaz R, Waldvogel K, Nadal D, Ruef Ch. Three consecutive outbreaks of Serratia marcescens in a neonatal intensive care unit. Clin Infect Dis. 2002; 34: 767-773.
Assadian O, Berger A, Aspöck Ch, Mustafa S, Kohlhauser Ch, Hirschl AM. Nosocomial outbreaks of Serratia marcescens in a neonatal intensive care unit. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2002; 23: 457-461.
Alves MS, Riley LW, Moreira BM. A case of severe pancreatitis complicated by Raoultella planticola infection. J Med Microbiol. 2007; 56: 696-698.
O’Connell K, Kelly J, NiRiain U. A rare case of soft-tissue infection caused by Raoultella planticola. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Case Reports in Medicine 2010; ID: 134086, 2.
Mahajan RK, Khan SA, Chandel DS, Kumar N, Chans Ch, Chaudhry R. Fatal case of Salmonella enterica subsp. arizonae gastroenteritis in an infant with microcephaly. J Clin Microbiol. 2003; 5830-5832.
Mönkemüller KE, Morgan DE, Baron TH. Stenotrophomonas (Xanthomonas) maltophilia infection in necrotizing Pancreatitis. Inter J Pancreatol. 1999; 25(1): 59-63.
Viswanathan R, Singh AK, Ghosh C, Basu S. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia causing early onset neonatal sepsis. Indian Pediatrics. 2011; 48: 17.